Tuesday, June 6, 2023

Mrugavani National Park

Mrugavani National Park UPSC

Mrugavani National Park is a popular wildlife sanctuary located in the state of Telangana, India. Situated approximately 25 kilometers from the city of Hyderabad. The national park is known for its diverse flora and fauna, making it a significant ecological hotspot in the region.


Mrugavani National Park serves as a vital green lung for the city of Hyderabad, providing a much-needed respite from the urban hustle. It is a popular destination for locals and tourists alike, offering a chance to experience nature and wildlife in close proximity to the city.


Table of Contents

  • Mrugavani National Park Location
  • Mrugavani National Park History
  • Mrugavani National Park Area
  • Mrugavani National Park Flora
  • Mrugavani National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Mrugavani National Park
  • Mrugavani National Park UPSC Questions


Mrugavani National Park Location

Mrugavani National Park is located in the Ranga Reddy District of Telangana, India. It is situated at Chilkur in Moinabad mandal. Moinabad mandal is one of the 27 mandals in Ranga Reddy district of the Indian state of Telangana.


It is situated approximately 25 kilometers from the city of Hyderabad, the capital of Telangana. The Park is in near Chilkur Balaji Temple, about 20 km by road from MGBS (Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station)


Mrugavani National Park Nearest Airport:

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is nearest airport at a distance of 21 kms.


Mrugavani National Park Nearest Railway Station:

Hyderabad Deccan Railway Station is the nearest railway station at a distance of 19.7 kms.




Mrugavani National Park History

Mrugavani National Park has a relatively short but interesting history. Here are some key points regarding its establishment and development:


Establishment: Mrugavani National Park was established in 1994 with the aim of preserving the natural habitat of the endangered species found in the Deccan Plateau region of Telangana, India. The park was created under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.


Conservation Efforts: The primary objective of the park is to protect the flora and fauna native to the region and promote their conservation. It serves as a sanctuary for various animal and plant species, offering them a safe habitat.




Mrugavani National Park Area

Mrugavani National Park covers an area of approximately 3.6 square kilometers (1.4 sq mi) or 1211 acres. This area encompasses the park's diverse ecosystems, including its tropical dry deciduous forest, grasslands, and water bodies.


While 3.6 square kilometers may seem relatively small compared to some other national parks, Mrugavani National Park is known for its rich biodiversity and plays a crucial role in conserving the flora and fauna of the region. Despite its compact size, the park offers visitors ample opportunities to explore and appreciate the natural beauty and wildlife it has to offer.




Mrugavani National Park Flora

Mrugavani National Park is known for its diverse flora, encompassing various plant species that thrive in the tropical dry deciduous forest ecosystem. It is home to a 600 different types of plant life. Here are some examples of flora found in the park:


Teak (Tectona grandis): Teak trees are prominent in the park and are known for their valuable timber. They provide shade and shelter to several species of wildlife.


Bamboo (Bambusoideae): Bamboo species are abundant in Mrugavani National Park. They play a crucial role in stabilizing the soil and providing habitat for birds and small mammals.


Neem (Azadirachta indica): Neem trees are commonly found in the park and are known for their medicinal properties. They provide shade and serve as host plants for various insects.


Sandalwood (Santalum album): Sandalwood trees are present in the park and are highly valued for their fragrant wood. They are often targeted by poachers due to their commercial value.


Banyan (Ficus benghalensis): Banyan trees, with their characteristic aerial roots, can be seen in the park. They are significant as they provide shelter and nesting sites for birds and small mammals.


Tamarind (Tamarindus indica): Tamarind trees, known for their tangy fruit, can be found in Mrugavani National Park. They provide food and shade for wildlife.




Mrugavani National Park Fauna (Mrugavani National Park Animals)

Mrugavani National Park is famous for which animal?

Mrugavani National Park is home to a diverse range of fauna, including various mammals, reptiles, birds, and insects. Here are some examples of the fauna found in the park:


Mammals:

  • Spotted Deers (Cheetal)
  • Sambar
  • Indian Hare
  • Forest Cat
  • Civet
  • Wild Boar
  • Jungle Cat
  • Mongoose 


Birds:

  • Flower Pecker
  • Warblers
  • Peacocks
  • Lapwings


Reptiles:

  • Indian Rat Snake
  • Russell’s Viper
  • Monitor Lizard
  • Python
  • King Cobra




Top Things to do in Mrugavani National Park

When visiting Mrugavani National Park, there are several activities and attractions that you can enjoy. Here are some of the top things to do in the park:


  • Wildlife Spotting
  • Nature Photography
  • Trekking and Hiking
  • Reptile Park
  • Nature Education
  • Picnicking and Relaxation
  • Nature Walks and Guided Tours
  • Visit the Mrugavani Dam




Mrugavani National Park UPSC Questions

Q. What is Mrugavani National Park famous for?

A. Mrugavani National Park is famous for several reasons, making it a popular destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. Here are some of the key aspects for which Mrugavani National Park is renowned:

  • Biodiversity
  • Wildlife Conservation
  • Proximity to Hyderabad
  • Birdwatching
  • Nature Trails and Scenic Beauty
  • Educational Initiatives
  • Reptile Park


Q. When was Mrugavani National Park established?

A. Mrugavani National Park was established in 1994.


Q. Where is Mrugavani National Park?

A. Mrugavani National Park is located in the Ranga Reddy District of Telangana, India.

Mrugavani National Park

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