Saturday, July 13, 2024

Palamu Tiger Reserve

July 13, 2024 0

Palamu Tiger Reserve UPSC (Betla Tiger Reserve)

Palamu Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary and tiger reserve located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is also called Betla Tiger Reserve. It was established in 1974 as one of the first nine tiger reserves in India under the Project Tiger initiative. 


The Palamau Tiger Reserve is only tiger reserve in Jharkhand. The reserve is named after the Palamu Fort, a historical fort situated within its boundaries.


In addition to wildlife, Palamu Tiger Reserve also holds historical and cultural significance. It encompasses the ruins of the ancient Palamu Fort, which dates back to the 16th century and offers a glimpse into the region's history. 


The Palamau Tiger Reserve area is very rich in minerals like Bauxite and Coal.


Table of Contents

  • Location
  • History
  • Area
  • Tiger Corridor
  • Hills
  • River
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • UPSC Questions


Palamu Tiger Reserve Location

Palamu Tiger Reserve is located in Latehar district of Jharkhand, India. It is situated in the western part of the Chotanagpur plateau. It is approximately 180 kilometers (112 miles) from Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand.


Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Palamu Tiger Reserve is the Birsa Munda Airport, also known as Ranchi Airport (IXR). It is located in the capital city of Jharkhand, Ranchi. The airport is approximately 175 kilometers (109 miles) away from Palamu Tiger Reserve.


Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Palamu Tiger Reserve is Daltonganj Railway Station. It is situated at a distance of approximately 35 kilometers (22 miles) from Palamu Tiger Reserve.




Palamu Tiger Reserve History

1. Wildlife Sanctuary: The history of Palamu Tiger Reserve dates back to the establishment of the Palamu Wildlife Sanctuary. Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary was initially created over a forest area of 979.97 Sq. Km. 


2. Tiger Resrve: In 1974, the Palamu Wildlife Sanctuary was upgraded to the status of a tiger reserve, becoming Palamu Tiger Reserve. This change acknowledged the significance of the region in terms of tiger conservation and the preservation of biodiversity.


3. Palamu Fort: The area encompassing Palamu Tiger Reserve has a rich historical and cultural heritage. It is home to the ancient Palamu Fort, which is located within the reserve's boundaries. The fort has historical significance and is believed to have been built by Chero kings in the 16th century. It stands as a testament to the region's past and attracts visitors interested in exploring its architectural and historical aspects.


4. World’s First Tiger Census: The world’s first tiger census took place in Palamu Tiger Reserve in the year 1932.


Note- Palamu Tiger Reserve is the first such sanctuary in the world, where tiger census was done on the basis of footprint count.


Valmiki Tiger Reserve

July 13, 2024 0

Valmiki Tiger Reserve UPSC

Valmiki Tiger Reserve, also known as Valmiki National Park, is a protected area located in the state of Bihar, India. Valmiki National Park is the only National Park and Tiger Reserve in Bihar. The reserve is named after the great sage Valmiki, who is believed to have written the epic Hindu Ramayana.


One of the main attractions of the Valmiki Tiger Reserve is its population of Bengal tigers. It is one of the few remaining strongholds of these majestic big cats in the state of Bihar. The reserve is a paradise for birdwatchers as well, with over 250 species of birds recorded in the area.


Table of Contents

  • Location
  • History
  • Area
  • Mountains
  • River
  • Tribe
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Butterflies
    • Reptiles
  • Gaur
  • Elephant Rescue Centre
  • UPSC Questions


Valmiki Tiger Reserve Location

Valmiki Tiger Reserve is located in the state of Bihar in northern India. It is situated in the West Champaran district, near the border with Nepal. The reserve spans across an area in the Gangetic plains and is surrounded by the Valmiki Nagar Wildlife Sanctuary. 


The nearest town to Valmiki Tiger Reserve is Bettiah, which is approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) away.


Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Valmiki Tiger Reserve is the Patna Airport, also known as Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport. It is located in the capital city of Bihar, Patna, and is approximately 210 kilometers (130 miles) away from the reserve. From the airport, visitors can travel to Valmiki Tiger Reserve by road, either through private vehicles or by hiring taxis. 


Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Valmiki Tiger Reserve is the Valmiki Nagar Road railway station. The Valmiki Nagar Road railway station is approximately 5 kilometers (3 miles) away from the reserve.


Alternatively, another railway station that can be considered is the Bagaha railway station. It is located in Bagaha, which is around 50 kilometers (31 miles) away from Valmiki Tiger Reserve.




Valmiki Tiger Reserve History

Valmiki Tiger Reserve has a rich history associated with both natural conservation and cultural significance. Here are some key points regarding the history of the reserve:


1. Early Conservation Efforts: The conservation initiatives in the Valmiki region can be traced back to the 19th century. During that time, Maharaja of Darbhanga, Rameshwar Singh, took measures to protect the forests and wildlife in the area. He declared portions of the forest as a sanctuary in 1908.


2. Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1978, the Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary was established, covering an area of about 800 square kilometers. It was primarily aimed at safeguarding the habitat of tigers, elephants, and other wildlife species.


3. National Park Status: In 1990, Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary declared a national park.


4. Upgradation to Tiger Reserve: In 1989-90, the Valmiki National Park was upgraded to Valmiki Tiger Reserve, with a specific focus on conserving the Bengal tiger population. This upgrade aimed to provide more protection to the tigers and promote their long-term survival. It is the 18th tiger reserve in the country.


5. Cultural Significance: The Valmiki region holds immense cultural significance due to its association with the ancient Hindu epic, Ramayana. It is believed to be the birthplace of Maharishi Valmiki, the sage who composed the Ramayana. The Valmiki Ashram, situated within the reserve, is considered a sacred site and attracts pilgrims and devotees.

Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve

July 13, 2024 0

Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve UPSC (53rd Tiger Reserve in India UPSC)

The Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary and a tiger reserve located in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. It is named after Guru Ghasidas, a revered spiritual leader and social reformer from the Satnami community.


The tiger reserve is situated in the central highlands of Chhattisgarh. The region is a part of the larger Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve, which is spread across Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.


Table of Contents

  • Location
  • History
  • Area
  • Corridor
  • River
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • UPSC Questions


Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve Location

Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve is located in Koriya and Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh state of India. It is situated in the northern part of the state, bordering Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.


The combined areas of the Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary formed Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve. Guru Ghasidas National Park is located in the Koriya district of Chhattisgarh and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh.


Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve is Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh, which is approximately 220 kilometers away from the tiger reserve. 


Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve is the Jaora Railway Station. It is approximately 20 kilometers away from the tiger reserve.




Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve History

1. Establishment: In 1983, It was established as Sanjay National Park.


2. Formation of Guru Ghasidas National Park: In 2000, Guru Ghasidas National Park was formed from Sanjay National Park when Chhattisgarh was bifurcated from Madhya Pradesh and formed a state in itself. After Creating new state 60% of the Sanjay National Park fell under the district of Koriya in Chhattisgarh.


3. Rename: In 2007, the park was renamed as Guru Ghasidas Ntional Park in honor of Guru Ghasidas, the founder of the Satnami community and a social reformer. This renaming aimed to pay tribute to his contributions and to create awareness about the principles and values he propagated.


4. Tiger Reserve Status: In 2022, the combined areas of the Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary declared Tiger Reserve. It is the 53rd Tiger Reserve in India and 4th tiger reserve in Chhattisgarh after the Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve, Achanakmar Tiger Reserve and Indravati Tiger Reserve.


Achanakmar Tiger Reserve

July 13, 2024 0

Achanakmar Tiger Reserve UPSC

Achanakmar Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary and tiger reserve located in Chhattisgarh, India. It is a part of the larger Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve, which includes the adjoining Amarkantak plateau.


Table of Contents

  • Location
  • History
  • Area
  • Hills
  • River
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • UPSC Questions


Achanakmar Tiger Reserve Location

The Achanakmar Tiger Reserve is located in Mungeli district of Chhattisgarh, India. It is situated in the eastern part of the state, near the border with Madhya Pradesh.  It is nestled amidst the Maikal mountain range.


Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Achanakmar Tiger Reserve is the Swami Vivekananda Airport (formerly known as Raipur Airport). It is located in Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh, and is approximately 211 kilometers (131 miles) away from the tiger reserve.


Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Achanakmar Tiger Reserve is Bilaspur Junction Railway Station. The railway station is approximately 45 kilometers (28 miles) away from the tiger reserve. 




Achanakmar Tiger Reserve History

The history of Achanakmar Tiger Reserve dates back to the early 20th century when it was initially established as a forest reserve. The area was recognized for its ecological importance and the need for conserving its rich biodiversity. Over time, it underwent various stages of development and eventually became a tiger reserve.


1. Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1975, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary was established, under the provisions of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.


2. Biosphere Reserve: In 2005, Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve was created by Government of India. This biosphere reserve includes Achanakmar Tiger Reserve and the adjacent Amarkantak plateau. The establishment of Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve further enhanced the conservation efforts in the area. 


3. Tiger Reserve Status: In 2009, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary declared as a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger.


4. UNESCO Biosphere Reserve: Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve was recognized by UNESCO in 2012 for its biological diversity and cultural significance.


Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve

July 13, 2024 0

Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve UPSC

Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary and tiger reserve located in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. It was created by merging the two separate Sanctuaries of Udanti and Sitanadi in the year 2008-09.


Table of Contents

  • Location
  • History
  • Area
  • River
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • UPSC Questions


Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve Location

Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is located in the Gariaband district of Chhattisgarh state, India. It is approximately 160 kilometers away from the capital city of Raipur. 


Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is Swami Vivekananda Airport, also known as Raipur Airport. It is located in Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh. The distance between Raipur Airport and Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is approximately 163 kilometers.


Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve is Raipur Junction Railway Station. It is well-connected to various cities in India and serves as a gateway to the region. From Raipur Junction, you can reach Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve by road, which is approximately 177 kilometers away.




Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve History

Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve has an interesting history that spans several decades. Here's a brief overview:


1. Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary: The reserve was initially established as the Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary in 1974, covering an area of 556 square kilometers. It was primarily created to protect the biodiversity and ecosystems of the region.


2. Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1983, the Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary was established, covering an area of 247 square kilometers.


3. Expansion and Renamed: In 1998, Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary and Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary merged and renamed Udanti Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, covering a total area of 1,425 square kilometers.


4. Tiger Reserve Declaration: Recognizing the significance of the region for tiger conservation, Udanti Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a tiger reserve in 2008-09.

Indravati Tiger Reserve

July 13, 2024 0

Indravati Tiger Reserve UPSC

Indravati Tiger Reserve is a renowned wildlife sanctuary and tiger reserve located in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is one of the largest tiger reserves in India and named after the Indravati River.


Indravati Tiger Reserve is known for its rich biodiversity and is home to various species of flora and fauna. It is particularly famous for its population of Royal Bengal Tigers


Indravati Tiger Reserve is home to one of the last remaining populations of the endangered Wild Water Buffalo. The wild buffalos are found in grassy areas in Pilloor, Gandapuri and in the northwest corner of the Indravati Tiger Reserve.


Table of Contents

  • Location
  • History
  • Area
  • Corridor
  • River
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • UPSC Questions


Indravati Tiger Reserve Location

Indravati Tiger Reserve is located in the Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh, India. It is situated in the southern part of the state, near the border with the state of Maharashtra. 


Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Indravati Tiger Reserve is the Swami Vivekananda Airport, also known as Raipur Airport. It is located in Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh. The airport is approximately 480 kilometers away from the reserve.


Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Indravati Tiger Reserve is Jagdalpur Railway Station. Jagdalpur is a city in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh, and the railway station is approximately 170 kilometers (105 miles) away from the reserve.




Indravati Tiger Reserve History

The history of Indravati Tiger Reserve dates back to its establishment as a wildlife sanctuary and subsequent declaration as a tiger reserve. Here is a brief overview of its history:


1. Formation as a Wildlife Sanctuary: Indravati Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1981 under the Wildlife Protection Act of India, 1972. The sanctuary was named after the Indravati River, which flows through the region. 


2. Declaration as a Tiger Reserve: In 1983, Indravati Wildlife Sanctuary was upgraded to the status of a tiger reserve, primarily to protect the habitat of the Royal Bengal Tigers.


Friday, July 12, 2024

Durgavati Tiger Reserve

July 12, 2024 0

Durgavati Tiger Reserve UPSC

Madhya Pradesh Wildlife Board approved the creation of the Durgavati Tiger Reserve in 2022. Durgavati Tiger Reserve will host tigers of Panna Tiger Reserve, quarter of which is set to be submerged because of the linking of Ken-Betwa rivers.


Table of Contents

  • Location
  • History
  • Area
  • Green Corridor
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • UPSC Questions


Durgavati Tiger Reserve Location

Durgavati Tiger Reserve is located in Narisinghpur, Damoh and Sagar districts of Madhya Pradesh, India.


Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Durgavati Tiger Reserve is the Khajuraho Airport. 


Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Durgavati Tiger Reserve is the Khajuraho Railway Station




Durgavati Tiger Reserve History

1. Wildlife Santuary: The Durgavati Tiger Reserve is named after Rani Durgavati, a queen of the Gondi people, and was initially notified as a sanctuary by the Government of Madhya Pradesh in 1996. 


2. Tiger Reserve Status: In 2022, Durgavati Tiger Reserve was approved by the Madhya Pradesh Wildlife Board as a new reserve for tigers from the Panna Tiger Reserve. This decision was made in response to the potential submergence of a quarter of the Panna Tiger Reserve due to the linking of the Ken and Betwa rivers.




Durgavati Tiger Reserve Area

Durgavati Tiger Reserve spans across 2,339 square kilometers. It consists of a core area covering 1,414 square kilometers and a buffer zone covering 925 square kilometers.