Sunday, August 27, 2023

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary UPSC

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary is a protected area located in the state of Karnataka, India. It is dedicated to the conservation and protection of the Indian peafowl, also known as the peacock (scientific name: Pavo cristatus), which is the national bird of India and holds cultural significance in the country.

The sanctuary is situated in the vicinity of the Adichunchanagiri Hills, near the Adichunchanagiri Math, a prominent religious and cultural center in Karnataka. The sanctuary aims to provide a suitable habitat for the peafowl and other wildlife species, allowing them to thrive in their natural environment.

Visitors to the sanctuary can often observe peafowl in their natural habitat, displaying their stunning plumage and engaging in courtship rituals during the breeding season. The sanctuary also contributes to conservation efforts and environmental education, raising awareness about the importance of protecting these beautiful birds and their habitat.

Table of Contents

  • Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Location
  • Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary History
  • Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Area
  • Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Hills
  • Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Flora
  • Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Location

The Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary is located in the Nagamangala taluk of Mandya district close to the Chunchanagiri temple and pilgrimage centre. 

It is situated near the Adichunchanagiri Hills, which is about 100 kilometers west of Bangalore, the capital city of Karnataka.

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

 the nearest airport to the Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary is the Kempegowda International Airport in Bangalore, Karnataka. This airport is well-connected to major cities in India and some international destinations.

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to the sanctuary is the Mandya Railway Station, which is approximately 40 kilometers away. Mandya is a well-connected railway station that serves trains from various parts of Karnataka and neighboring states.

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary History

Establishment Notifications: The journey of the Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary began with the issuance of the first notification in 1981, which formally declared the area as a sanctuary. The significance of this step lies in the commitment to conserve the habitat and the peafowls residing within it. Subsequently, in 1999, a final notification solidified the sanctuary's establishment, outlining its boundaries and protection measures.

Peafowl Population Flourishes: Over the years, the Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary has witnessed the flourishing of a vibrant peafowl population. This success can be attributed, in large part, to the unwavering dedication to protection instilled by the revered Adichunchanagiri Swamiji and their devoted disciples. The strong religious sentiment associated with the area has played a significant role in fostering a deep reverence for nature and its inhabitants.

Spiritual Guardianship and Conservation: The sanctuary's close connection to the Adichunchanagiri Math and the spiritual teachings of the Swamiji have created a unique blend of cultural and environmental preservation. The teachings have reinforced the idea of responsible stewardship of the land and its wildlife, making conservation a fundamental aspect of the sanctuary's existence.

Religious Sentiment and Habitat Preservation: The adherence to strong religious sentiments has acted as a shield for the peafowls and their habitat. The teachings propagated by the Adichunchanagiri Math have not only safeguarded the birds from harm but have also nurtured an atmosphere of coexistence between humans and wildlife.

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Area

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary covers approximately 0.84 square kilometers (84 hectares), the sanctuary covers a relatively compact but significant area dedicated to the conservation and protection of the Indian peafowl and its habitat. 

This space serves as a sanctuary for not only peafowls but also other flora and fauna that contribute to the biodiversity of the region.

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Hills

The Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary is situated in the vicinity of the Adichunchanagiri Hills in the state of Karnataka, India. These hills are part of the Western Ghats mountain range, which is known for its rich biodiversity and important ecosystems. The sanctuary's location amid these hills provides a suitable habitat for various wildlife species, including the Indian peafowl (peacock), which the sanctuary aims to conserve and protect.

The Adichunchanagiri Hills themselves have cultural significance as well, being home to the Adichunchanagiri Math, a prominent religious and cultural institution in Karnataka. The spiritual teachings of the math have contributed to the sanctuary's conservation efforts, fostering a sense of reverence for the natural world and its inhabitants.

The hilly terrain of the area likely offers diverse habitats, including forests, grasslands, and water bodies, which are essential for the survival of various plant and animal species. This natural setting makes the Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary an important ecological area for both wildlife and those who seek to appreciate and conserve it.

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Flora

The Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary features a diverse range of flora that is characteristic of the Western Ghats region.

List of plant species:

  • Andrographis serpellyfolia
  • Pterolobium hexapetalum
  • Annona squamosa
  • Dalbergia Spp.
  • Aristolochia indica
  • Tamarindus indica
  • Parthenium hysterophorus
  • Zyzipus oenophloea
  • Tridax procumbens
  • Leucas aspera
  • Lagascea molis
  • Asparagus Spp.
  • Calotropis gigantea
  • Curculigo orchioides
  • Calotropis procera
  • Gloriosa superba
  • Hemidesmus indicus
  • Thespesia populnea

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Fauna (Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary Animals)


  • Bonnet Macaque
  • Fruit Bat
  • Jungle Cat
  • Common Mongoose
  • Black Naped Hare
  • Three-striped Plam Squirrel
  • Pipistrelle


  • Peafowl
  • Little Grebe
  • Grey Pelican
  • Cormorant
  • Grey Heron
  • Pond Heron
  • Cattle Egret
  • Egrets
  • Painted Stork
  • Lesser Whistling Teal
  • Spotbill Duck
  • Cotton Teal
  • Honey Buzzard
  • Paraiah Kite
  • Brahminy Kite
  • Asiatic Sparrow-hawk
  • White-eyed Buzzard
  • Booted Hawk-eagle
  • Tawny Eagle
  • Black Eagle
  • Longbilled Vulture
  • Indian Whitebacked Vulture
  • Scavenger Vulture
  • Short-toed Eagle
  • Grey Partridge
  • Jungle Bush Quail
  • Common Peafowl
  • Whitebreasted Waterhen
  • Coot
  • Shikra
  • Redwattled Lapwing
  • Jungle Myna
  • Jungle Crow
  • Common Wood Shrike
  • Small Minivet
  • Common Iora
  • Redwhiskered Bulbul
  • Redvented Bulbul
  • Yellowthroated Bulbul
  • Whitebrowed Bulbul
  • Spotted Babbler
  • Whitethroated Babbler
  • Common Babbler
  • Whiteheaded Babbler
  • Indian Wren Warbler
  • Ashy Wren Warbler
  • Jungle Wren Warbler
  • Franklin’s Wren Warbler
  • Tailorbird
  • Magpie Robin
  • Pied Bush Chat
  • Indian Robin
  • Grey Tit
  • Whitewinged Black Tit
  • Large Pied Wagtail
  • Tickell’s Flowerpecker
  • Purplerumped Sunbird
  • Purple Sunbird
  • White-eye
  • House Sparrow
  • Baya Weaver
  • Whitethroated Munia
  • Spotted Munia
  • Blackheaded Myna
  • Indian Myna


  • Western Ghats Gliding Lizard
  • King Cobra
  • Bamboo Pit Viper

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary is located in which district of Karnataka?

A. The Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary is located in the Mandya district of Karnataka, India. The sanctuary is situated near the Adichunchanagiri Hills, which are part of the Western Ghats mountain range. Mandya district is known for its diverse landscapes and cultural heritage, and the sanctuary contributes to the conservation of the region's natural beauty and biodiversity. 

Q. What is Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary famous for?

A. The Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary is primarily famous for its efforts in conserving and protecting the Indian peafowl. Here are the key reasons why the sanctuary is well-known:

i. Peafowl Conservation: The sanctuary is dedicated to the conservation and protection of the Indian peafowl, one of the most iconic and recognizable bird species in India. The sanctuary provides a safe and natural habitat for peafowls, allowing them to thrive and display their stunning plumage.

ii. Biodiversity: While the sanctuary is named after peafowls, it supports a diverse range of other flora and fauna as well. The Western Ghats region, where the sanctuary is located, is known for its rich biodiversity, making the area significant for conservation efforts.

iii. Cultural and Spiritual Significance: The Adichunchanagiri Math, a revered religious and cultural institution in Karnataka, is located in the vicinity of the sanctuary. The math's teachings and influence have likely contributed to the sanctuary's establishment and the emphasis on conservation, creating a unique blend of cultural and environmental significance.

iv. Eco-Tourism: The sanctuary might attract tourists and bird enthusiasts who wish to observe peafowls and other wildlife species in their natural habitat. Eco-tourism initiatives may help generate revenue for the conservation efforts and promote appreciation for nature.

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary

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