Sunday, July 23, 2023

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area located in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It was established in 1978 and covers an area of approximately 57.197 square kilometers. 

Known for its natural beauty and diverse flora and fauna, the sanctuary is often referred to as the "Kashmir of Malwa" due to its scenic landscapes. The sanctuary's centerpiece is the picturesque "Chidikho Lake," which attracts a variety of local and migratory bird species, making it a popular destination for birdwatching.

Besides its ecological importance, the Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary area also holds historical and cultural significance. The ancient residual caves with prehistoric mural paintings offer glimpses into the region's past.

Table of Contents

  • Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Lake
  • Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Rajgarh district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is situated on National Highway 46 (N.H.46), approximately 90 kilometers from Bhopal (the capital city of Madhya Pradesh).

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to the Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is the Bhopal Airport, also known as the Raja Bhoj Airport. It is located in Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh. The airport is approximately 90 kilometers away from the sanctuary and serves as the main air transport hub for the region.

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

As for the nearest railway station, the Biaora Railway Station is the closest one to the Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary. Biaora Railway Station is located about 30 kilometers from the sanctuary and serves as the nearest railhead for travelers who prefer to travel by train.

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary has a historical background that dates back to the ancient times when it was used by local rulers for hunting purposes. Here is a brief history of the sanctuary:

Ancient Times: The area where the Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located has historical significance as it was used by the rulers of the princely state of Narsinghgarh for hunting. In those times, hunting grounds were maintained for the recreational activities of the ruling elites.

Establishment as a Wildlife Sanctuary: The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary was formally established in 1978 under the Forest Division Rajgarh Social Forestry in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. This decision aimed to protect and conserve the diverse flora and fauna found in the region, making it one of the 35 wildlife sanctuaries in the state.

Conservation Efforts: Since its establishment as a wildlife sanctuary, various conservation efforts have been undertaken to safeguard the natural beauty, biodiversity, and habitats within the sanctuary's boundaries. The local authorities and forest department work to protect and preserve the wildlife and their habitats, ensuring a balance between human activities and nature.

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 57.197 square kilometers. It is situated in the Rajgarh district of Madhya Pradesh, India. The sanctuary is spread across a significant portion of land, providing ample space for various flora and fauna to thrive and ensuring a diverse habitat for wildlife.

As a protected area, the sanctuary aims to preserve and maintain the ecological balance of the region, supporting a wide range of plant and animal species. The sanctuary's relatively large size makes it an essential part of the conservation efforts in the state and contributes to the overall biodiversity of the region.

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Lake

The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is known for a prominent lake called "Chidikho Lake," which is situated within the sanctuary. The lake is a significant attraction for tourists visiting the sanctuary.

Chidikho Lake serves as a habitat for various local and migratory birds, making it an excellent spot for birdwatching and wildlife photography. The lake's presence adds to the scenic beauty and ecological importance of the sanctuary, providing a water source for wildlife and enhancing the overall biodiversity of the region.

The sanctuary authorities and local conservation efforts work to protect and preserve Chidikho Lake and its surrounding habitat to ensure it remains a vital part of the Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary's ecosystem.

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

Some common types of flora found in Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary include:

(1) Deciduous Trees:

Trees like teak (Tectona grandis), sal (Shorea robusta), tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon), bamboo, and various species of acacia are prevalent in these regions. Deciduous trees shed their leaves during certain seasons.

(2) Grasslands:

Grasslands and meadows are vital for many herbivorous animals, such as deer and antelopes, providing them with grazing areas.

(3) Aquatic Plants:

Water bodies like lakes or ponds, you may find various aquatic plants like water lilies, lotus, and submerged vegetation.

(4) Climbers and Creepers:

Various climbers and creepers like lianas and wild vines provide an additional layer of vegetation.

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of fauna, including several species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and other wildlife. Here are some of the notable fauna that can be found in the sanctuary:


  • Chital (Spotted Deer)
  • Sambar Deer
  • Blue Bull (Nilgai)
  • Wild Boar
  • Leopard
  • Hyena
  • Fox
  • Jackal
  • Indian Hare
  • Indian Flying Fox (Indian Fruit Bat)
  • Common Langur (Gray Langur)
  • Rhesus Macaque


Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is a haven for birdwatchers, with numerous resident and migratory bird species. Some of the birds that can be spotted in the sanctuary include:

  • Indian Peafowl
  • Indian Roller (Blue Jay)
  • White-Breasted Kingfisher
  • Indian Pond Heron
  • Openbill Stork
  • Sarus Crane
  • Indian Cormorant
  • Eurasian Thick-knee
  • Painted Stork
  • Black-Shouldered Kite
  • Brahminy Kite


The sanctuary is also home to various reptile species, including snakes, lizards, and turtles. Some commonly found reptiles are:

  • Indian Rock Python
  • Common Cobra
  • Rat Snake
  • Monitor Lizard
  • Indian Chameleon
  • Indian Garden Lizard

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. In which district is Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary?

A. The Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Rajgarh district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Rajgarh is one of the districts in the state, and the sanctuary is situated within its geographical boundaries.

Q. Narsinghgarh Tourist Place

A. Narsinghgarh is a town in the Rajgarh district of Madhya Pradesh, India, and it offers several tourist places worth visiting. Some of the notable tourist attractions in and around Narsinghgarh are:

(i) Narsinghgarh Fort: The historic Narsinghgarh Fort is a major tourist attraction in the town. It features impressive Rajput architecture and offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

(ii) Narsingh Temple: Located within the Narsinghgarh Fort, the Narsingh Temple is a significant religious site dedicated to Lord Narsingh, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

(iii) Chidikho Lake: Situated in the Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Chidikho Lake is a picturesque water body and a habitat for various local and migratory bird species, making it a popular spot for birdwatching.

(iv) Raja Anand Singh's Palace: Inside the Narsinghgarh Fort, Raja Anand Singh's Palace showcases beautiful Rajasthani architecture and intricate designs.

(v) Ancient Caves and Cave Paintings: The region around Narsinghgarh have ancient caves and cave paintings.

(vi) Temples: There are other temples in and around Narsinghgarh that attract pilgrims and tourists alike, such as the Hanuman Temple, Shiva Temple, and Gopal Ji Temple.

Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

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