Thursday, August 24, 2023

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the state of Karnataka, India. This sanctuary serves as a protected area for the conservation of the chinkara, which is the southernmost point of distribution for this rare antelope. 

The sanctuary's unique savanna habitat supports various endemic wildlife species, making it an important conservation area in the region. The sanctuary is notable for being the only sanctuary in Karnataka that is home to all three species of antelopes found in the state. 

The conservation efforts in this sanctuary are aimed at safeguarding its diverse flora and fauna for future generations.

Table of Contents

  • Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Sira taluk of Tumakuru district in the state of Karnataka, India. 

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest major airport to the Tumakuru district is Kempegowda International Airport (BLR) in Bangalore. This airport serves both domestic and international flights and is located around 150-160 kilometers south-east of the Tumakuru district. Traveling from the airport to the sanctuary might involve a road journey.

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

Tumkur Railway Station is the nearest railway station to the sanctuary.

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary is a relatively new addition to the list of protected wildlife areas in the region. Here's a brief history of the sanctuary:

Establishment: The sanctuary was officially established in the year 2019. It was created with the primary objective of conserving the chinkara (Indian Gazelle) population and their unique habitat in this region.

Conservation Significance: The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary is strategically located in the southernmost part of the chinkara's distribution range. This makes it a critical area for the conservation of this rare antelope species. Additionally, the sanctuary's savanna habitat is considered one of the finest of its kind, and it supports a variety of endemic wildlife.

Conservation Efforts: Since its establishment, conservation efforts in the sanctuary have likely included habitat preservation, anti-poaching measures, and scientific research to monitor and protect the resident wildlife populations.

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 136.11 square kilometers. The sanctuary's habitat is characterized by dry thorny scrub forests within a savanna ecosystem. This relatively vast area provides a protected space for various wildlife species, contributing to biodiversity conservation efforts in the region.

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its diverse flora that contributes to the unique ecosystem of the area. 

Here's a list of the flora species list:

  • Acacia sp.
  • Albizia amara
  • Anogeissus latifolia
  • Bauhinia racemosa
  • Butea monosperma
  • Dalbergia paniculata
  • Ixora arborea
  • Semecarpus anacardium
  • Strychnos potatorum
  • Wrightia tinctoria
  • Tectona grandis
  • Grewia hirsuta
  • Morinda pubescens
  • Hardwickia binata
  • Phyllanthus emblica
  • Cassia fistula
  • Eucalyptus citriodora
  • Albizia lebbeck

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of fauna, contributing to the biodiversity and ecological significance of the area.


  • Chinkara (Indian Gazelle)
  • Four-horned Antelope
  • Blackbuck
  • Common Langur
  • Common Fox
  • Fruit Bat
  • Hyena
  • Indian Porcupine
  • Indian Wolf
  • Jackal
  • Jungle Cat
  • Mice
  • Mongoose
  • Rat
  • Squirrel
  • Spotted Deer
  • Wild Boar


  • Ashy Wren Warbler
  • Black Drongo
  • Black Winged Kite
  • Blossom Headed Parakeet
  • Blue Jay
  • Black Headed Oriole
  • Common Weaver Bird
  • Crow Pheasant
  • Chestnut Bellied Nut Hatch
  • Common Myna
  • Common Hawk
  • Cattle Egret
  • Common Peafowl
  • Common Kingfisher
  • Grey Babbler
  • Grey Wagtail
  • Grey Jungle Fowl
  • Great Horned Owl
  • Gray Partridge
  • Golden Backed Woodpecker


  • Cobra
  • Chameleon
  • Garden lizard
  • Krait
  • Monitor lizard
  • Python
  • Viper

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Which district is Bukkapatna Wildlife Sanctuary in?

A. The Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Tumakuru district of Karnataka, India. It is situated in the Sira taluk within the Tumakuru district. The sanctuary was established in 2019 and is dedicated to the conservation of the chinkara (Indian Gazelle) and its unique ecosystem.

Bukkapatna Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary

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