Sunday, August 13, 2023

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the state of Punjab, India. This sanctuary offers a habitat for diverse wildlife species including Sambar deer, Barking Deer, and potentially migratory Leopards. 

It was officially declared a wildlife sanctuary by the Punjab Government, providing protection and preservation for these valuable flora and fauna.

Table of Contents

  • Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary id located in the Government forest area of District Rupnagar, Punjab, India. It is situated 3 km from Anandpur Sahib city. 

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary is likely to be Chandigarh Airport. Chandigarh Airport is located approximately 65-70 kilometers away from Anandpur Sahib, which is the city closest to the sanctuary.

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

As for the nearest railway station, the Anandpur Sahib Railway Station would likely be the most convenient option. Anandpur Sahib Railway Station is situated in the city of Anandpur Sahib itself, making it the closest rail access point to the Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary.

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary, located near Anandpur Sahib in the Rupnagar district of Punjab, India, has a history that centers around its establishment as a protected area for the conservation of wildlife and their habitats.

Here's a brief overview of its history:

Establishment and Declaration: The sanctuary was initially declared as a wildlife sanctuary on September 9, 1998, under Section 18(1) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. This declaration was made by the Punjab Government, recognizing the ecological importance of the area and the need for its conservation.

Final Notification: The sanctuary's status was further solidified with a final notification issued on December 11, 2003, under Section 26A of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. This notification reaffirmed its designation as a wildlife sanctuary and provided legal protection for the flora and fauna within its boundaries.

Eco-Sensitive Zone Declaration: In March 2017, the Government of India issued a notification designating an eco-sensitive zone around the sanctuary. This zone is intended to provide an additional layer of protection to the sanctuary's environment and prevent potential negative impacts from surrounding development.

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 116.00 hectares (289 acres)The sanctuary encompasses portions of three villages: 218 acres belong to Village Jhajjar, 55 acres to Village Bachauli, and 16 acres to Village Lamlehri. 

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Rupnagar district of Punjab, India, and is characterized by its diverse flora. The sanctuary falls under the Dry Deciduous Forest type. 

Here are some of the tree species and flora you might find in the sanctuary:

  • Khair (Acacia catechu)
  • Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo)
  • Subabul (Leucaena leucocephala)
  • Siris (Albizia lebbeck)
  • Phalai (Acacia modesta)
  • Ficus spp.
  • Neem (Azadirachta indica)
  • Amb (Mangifera indica)
  • Arjun (Terminalia arjuna)
  • Amla (Phyllanthus emblica)
  • Bamboo
  • Eucalyptus
  • Dhak (Butea monosperma)
  • Kikar (Acacia nilotica)
  • Mesquite

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

What animals are protected in Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary?

The Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a variety of fauna, including both common and more unique species. Here are some of the wildlife species that can be found in the sanctuary:


  • Sambar 
  • Barking Deer
  • Hare
  • Jackal
  • Leopard
  • Blue Bull (Nilgai)
  • Mongoose
  • Jungle Cat
  • Porcupine
  • Pangolin
  • Wild Boar


  • Red Junglefowl
  • Various species of other birds commonly found in forested and grassland habitats (specific species might include partridges, quails, pigeons, doves, etc.)


  • Python
  • Cobra
  • Rat Snake
  • Monitor Lizard
  • Garden Lizard

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Where is Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary located?

A. Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary is located near Anandpur Sahib in the Rupnagar district of Punjab, India.

Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary

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