Tuesday, August 22, 2023

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the state of Maharashtra. The sanctuary is known for its stunning landscapes, including waterfalls, lakes, and lush forests that contribute to its breathtaking scenery.

The sanctuary boasts a rich biodiversity with a variety of animals, birds, and reptiles thriving in its evergreen forests. Some of the plant species found in the sanctuary include Tsyzgium gibsonii, Macaranga peltata, Cassia fistula, and many others.

Table of Contents

  • Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the crest of the Western Ghats, between Mulshi and Tamhini, in the Pune and Thane districts of Maharashtra, India. 

The sanctuary's location offers stunning landscapes, including waterfalls, lakes, and evergreen forests, making it a picturesque and biodiverse area to explore. The nearest city to the sanctuary is Pune, which is about 70 kilometers away. 

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is Pune Airport (also known as Pune International Airport), which is approximately 70 kilometers away from the sanctuary.

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is Pune Railway Station, which is also around 70 kilometers away. This station provides a convenient transportation option for visitors coming by train.

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is a relatively new addition to the list of protected areas in India. It was officially established in 2013

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 49.62 square kilometers. This relatively compact size is typical of many wildlife sanctuaries in India, which are designated to protect specific habitats and species within a defined area. 

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its rich biodiversity, including a variety of plant species. Here are some examples of flora that can be found in the sanctuary:

Tsyzgium gibsonii: Tsyzgium gibsonii is commonly known as "Jamun" or "Black Plum" and produces edible fruits.

Macaranga peltata: Macaranga peltata is a type of shrub or small tree that is part of the sanctuary's vegetation.

Cassia fistula: Also known as the "Golden Shower Tree," Cassia fistula is a flowering tree that produces vibrant yellow flowers.

Xantolis tomentosa:

Actinoda hookri:

Diospyros montana: This plant, commonly known as the "Mountain Ebony,".

Albizzia procera: Also known as the "Siris Tree," Albizzia procera is a deciduous tree.

Trema orientalis: This species, commonly known as "Charcoal Tree,".

Memecylon umbellatum: Memecylon umbellatum is found within the sanctuary's habitat.

Phyllanthus emblica: Also known as "Indian Gooseberry" or "Amla," Phyllanthus emblica is a fruit-bearing tree.

Dridelia retusa: This species is part of the sanctuary's vegetation.

Canthium umbellatum: Canthium umbellatum, also known as "Maramanjal," is a shrub or small tree.

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

The Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of animal species, contributing to its rich ecological diversity. Here are some examples of the fauna that can be found in the sanctuary:


  • Leopard
  • Giant Squirrel
  • Barking Deer
  • Striped Hyaena
  • Indian Gray Wolf
  • Jackal
  • Indian Fox
  • Indian Hare


  • Nilgiri Wood Pigeon
  • Malabar Grey Hornbill
  • White-bellied Blue Flycatcher
  • Crimson-backed Sunbird


  • Indian Rock Python
  • Dhaman
  • Indian Cobra
  • Russell’s Viper
  • Checkered Keelback
  • Common Monitor

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. What is the Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. The Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its stunning natural beauty, diverse landscapes, and rich biodiversity. Here are some of the key reasons for its popularity:

(i) Scenic Landscapes: The sanctuary is known for its picturesque landscapes, including waterfalls, lakes, and lush forests. The combination of these elements creates a visually appealing and serene environment that attracts nature enthusiasts, photographers, and tourists.

(ii) Western Ghats Biodiversity: Situated on the crest of the Western Ghats, the sanctuary is a hotspot for biodiversity. The region's diverse ecosystems support a wide range of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic to the Western Ghats.

(iii) Waterfalls and Lakes: Abundant with waterfalls and lakes, the sanctuary offers breathtaking natural sights. These water bodies also play a crucial role in sustaining the local ecosystem by providing water sources for wildlife and supporting various aquatic and semi-aquatic species.

(iv) Wildlife Diversity: The sanctuary is home to a variety of animal species, including mammals, birds, and reptiles. Species such as the Giant Squirrel, Leopard, Malabar Grey Hornbill, and Indian Cobra are just a few examples of the diverse wildlife that can be found here.

(v) Close to Urban Areas: Its proximity to Pune, a major city in Maharashtra, makes the sanctuary accessible to a wide range of people. This encourages locals and tourists to visit the sanctuary and learn about its natural wonders.

Tamhini Wildlife Sanctuary

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