Sunday, October 1, 2023

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The sanctuary falls within the Himalayan biogeographic zone. The terrain is hilly, featuring steep to gentle slopes covered in dense vegetation. 

The sanctuary comprises various habitat types, including tropical evergreen forest, tropical semi-evergreen forest, and sub-tropical broadleaf hill forest.

Approximately 70 bird species have been recorded in the sanctuary, with the possibility of many more species being present. Notable bird species include the Rufous-necked Hornbill and the endangered White-winged Duck.

The best time to visit the Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is from October to May.

Table of Contents

  • Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Kane Wildlife Sanctuary River
  • Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Kane Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. It is situated near the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border in northeastern India. It can be accessed from Likabali. 

The sanctuary is situated in a hilly terrain with a maze of streams and small rivers, and it is bounded by the River Siji on the west. This sanctuary is known for its rich biodiversity and pristine forested areas. 

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is in Itanagar, which is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh. Itanagar Airport provides air connectivity to the region, and from there, you can continue your journey to the sanctuary by road.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is Naharlagun Railway Station. Naharlagun is a town located near Itanagar, and it has a railway station that is part of the Indian railway network. From Naharlagun Railway Station, you can also travel by road to reach the sanctuary.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary was officially established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1991. The sanctuary's establishment was likely driven by the recognition of its ecological importance and rich biodiversity. 

The region's pristine and untouched forest, along with its unique combination of evergreen and semi-evergreen species, made it an attractive candidate for conservation. The sanctuary was established to protect and conserve the diverse wildlife and natural habitats found within its boundaries.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 31 square kilometers (12 square miles). This sanctuary is situated in a hilly terrain near the Assam-Arunachal border, characterized by its rich biodiversity and dense vegetation. 

The sanctuary area provides a protected habitat for various species of plants and animals, making it an important conservation area in the region.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary River

The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is bounded by the River Siji on its western side. This river serves as a natural boundary for the sanctuary. The presence of rivers and streams in and around the sanctuary contributes to the overall ecosystem and provides important water sources for the wildlife inhabiting the area. 

The River Siji likely plays a significant role in the sanctuary's ecology, offering water for the resident wildlife and contributing to the overall biodiversity of the region.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary boasts a diverse range of flora, with various vegetation types due to its hilly terrain and varying altitudes. The actual flora of Kane Wildlife Sanctuary may include a mix of the following:

(1) Tropical Evergreen Forests:

These forests typically feature tall, densely packed evergreen trees with lush, green foliage year-round. Common tree species in such forests include species like Hollock, Khokan, Mekai, Simul, and Titachampa.

(2) Tropical Semi-Evergreen Forests:

These forests have a mix of both evergreen and deciduous tree species, offering a diverse habitat. Trees like Gamari found in these forests.

(3) Subtropical Broadleaf Hill Forests:

In areas with varying altitudes, you can find subtropical broadleaf hill forests. These forests consist of a mix of broadleaf tree species adapted to the cooler temperatures at higher elevations.

(4) Bamboo Groves:

Bamboo is often found in the understorey of these forests, forming dense thickets. Bamboo is an essential component of the ecosystem, providing habitat and food for various wildlife species.

(5) Coptis Teeta:

This is a notable plant species found in the region, known for its medicinal properties. It is commonly referred to as "Tezpat" or "Thewa."

(6 ) Taxus Baccata:

This is another important plant species, commonly known as the Himalayan Yew. It has medicinal and economic significance.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its diverse and unique fauna, including various mammals, birds, and reptiles. Here's a list of some of the notable species of fauna found in the sanctuary based on the information you provided:


  • Asian Elephant
  • Tiger
  • Asiatic Black Bear
  • Wild Dog
  • Gaur
  • Slow Loris
  • Assamese Macaque
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Capped Langur
  • Himalayan Serow
  • Mouse Deer


  • White-bellied Heron
  • White-winged Duck
  • Rufous-necked Hornbill
  • Dark-rumped Swift
  • Beautiful Sibia
  • Broad-billed Warbler


  • Indian Python
  • Reticulated Python
  • King Cobra

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Where is Kane Wildlife Sanctuary located?

A. The Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The West Siang district is situated in the northeastern part of India, near the border with Assam. 

Q. What is Kane Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for several reasons:

(i) Biodiversity: The sanctuary is renowned for its rich biodiversity, including a variety of plant and animal species. It is home to numerous mammals, birds, and reptiles, making it a significant hub for wildlife enthusiasts and researchers.

(ii) Birdlife: Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is particularly well-known for its avian diversity. The sanctuary falls within the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area, and approximately 70 bird species have been recorded there. Notable species such as the Rufous-necked Hornbill and the endangered White-winged Duck can be found in the area.

(iii) Conservation: The sanctuary serves as a crucial conservation area in the northeastern region of India. It provides a protected habitat for various endangered and threatened species, contributing to their conservation and preservation.

(iv) Habitat Diversity: Kane Wildlife Sanctuary encompasses various habitat types, including tropical evergreen forests, tropical semi-evergreen forests, and subtropical broadleaf hill forests. This diversity of habitats supports a wide range of plant and animal species.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary

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