Wednesday, October 4, 2023

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary located in the state of Manipur, India. This sanctuary is a unique and beautiful natural area with its cluster of seven lakes surrounded by semi-evergreen and wet hill forests.

The sanctuary's habitat primarily consists of semi-evergreen and wet hill forests. This sanctuary seems to offer a rich biodiversity of both flora and fauna and provides a unique opportunity for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers to explore its natural beauty.

The best time to visit the sanctuary is during the winter months, from October to April.

Table of Contents

  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Hills
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary River
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Lake
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Tamenglong district of the state of Manipur in northeastern India. It is situated in the West Manipur Hills and is known for its cluster of seven lakes surrounded by tropical rainforests. 

The sanctuary is approximately 20 kilometers away from the district headquarters, Tamenglong town. Access to the sanctuary is possible via road, and it is well-connected to Imphal, the capital of Manipur, which is about 135 kilometers away.

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary is Imphal International Airport, which is located in Imphal, the capital city of Manipur. Imphal Airport is the closest airport for travelers looking to visit the sanctuary. It is approximately 135 kilometers away from Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary by road.

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

As for the nearest railway station, Jiribam Railway Station is the closest railway station to Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary. Jiribam is a town in the Imphal East district of Manipur and is relatively close to the sanctuary. Travelers can reach Jiribam Railway Station and then continue their journey to Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary by road.

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary History

Establishment: Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary was officially notified as a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1997. This notification marked the formal establishment of the sanctuary for the purpose of conserving and protecting its unique natural environment and wildlife.

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Area

What is the area of Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary?

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 21 square kilometers. This sanctuary is known for its unique and diverse ecosystem, including a cluster of seven lakes and rich flora and fauna. 

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Hills

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the West Manipur Hills. The sanctuary is characterized by its hilly terrain, which is typical of the region. These hills are part of the Eastern Himalayan region and are covered by semi-evergreen and wet hill forests, making them a suitable habitat for various wildlife species.

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary River

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the basin of the Barak RiverThe Barak River is one of the prominent rivers in the northeastern region of India, and it flows through Manipur. 

The presence of the Barak River in the vicinity of the Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary contributes to the overall biodiversity of the area and provides water resources that are essential for the ecosystem within the sanctuary. 

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Lake

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its cluster of seven lakes that are an integral part of the sanctuary's ecosystem. These lakes are freshwater bodies and serve as a crucial habitat for various aquatic species, including fish. The presence of these lakes adds to the sanctuary's natural beauty and provides a water source for the surrounding flora and fauna.

These lakes, along with the surrounding semi-evergreen and wet hill forests, create a unique environment that supports a diverse range of wildlife. The lakes are not only important for local biodiversity but also attract migratory birds, making it a picturesque location for birdwatching and nature enthusiasts. 

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary's lakes contribute significantly to the sanctuary's ecological significance and appeal to visitors interested in exploring its natural wonders.

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary boasts a diverse range of flora due to its unique semi-evergreen and wet hill forest habitat. Here are some common types of flora that you can find in the region:

Michelia champaca: This is a fragrant flowering tree known for its beautiful, aromatic flowers.

Toona ciliate: Commonly known as the Indian cedar, this tree produces valuable timber.

Schima wallichii: Also called the needlewood tree, it is known for its evergreen foliage.

Gmelina arborea: This tree is valued for its timber and is commonly found in tropical regions.

Messua ferrea: Known as the Indian rose chestnut, this tree produces fragrant flowers and fruit.

Artocarpus hirsute: This is a type of jackfruit tree, known for its large, edible fruit.

Mangifera indica: The mango tree is famous for its delicious and juicy mango fruits.

Castanopsis hystrix: This tree is a type of chestnut and produces spiny fruits.

Canes and Bamboos: Bamboo is a common plant in many forested regions and has numerous uses.

Orchids: The sanctuary may also host various species of epiphytic, terrestrial, and lithophytic orchids.

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of fauna, including both mammals and bird species. Here are some of the notable wildlife species that can be found in the sanctuary:


  • Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Leopard Cat
  • Asiatic Black Bear 
  • Small Indian Civet
  • Common Langur
  • Holock Gibbon
  • Barking Deer
  • Flying Squirrel
  • Slow Loris
  • Golden Cat
  • Yellow Throated Marten
  • Large Indian Civet Cat
  • Hog Badger
  • Serow
  • Sambar Deer
  • Assamese Macaque 
  • Stump-tailed Macaque 
  • Capped Langur 
  • Slow Loris 


  • White-winged Duck
  • Great Pied Hornbill 
  • Brown Hornbill
  • Collared Kingfisher
  • Falcon


  • Snakes
  • Lizards
  • Turtles

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Where is the Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary located in Manipur?

A. The Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Tamenglong district of Manipur, India. Specifically, it is situated in the West Manipur Hills within the Tamenglong district. 

Zeilad Wildlife Sanctuary

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