Saturday, June 24, 2023

Indravati Tiger Reserve

Indravati Tiger Reserve UPSC

Indravati Tiger Reserve is a renowned wildlife sanctuary and tiger reserve located in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is one of the largest tiger reserves in India and covers an area of approximately 2,799 square kilometers. The reserve is named after the Indravati River, which flows through the region.

Established in 1983, Indravati Tiger Reserve is known for its rich biodiversity and is home to various species of flora and fauna. It is particularly famous for its population of Royal Bengal Tigers. The vegetation in the reserve includes tropical moist and dry deciduous forests, making it a suitable habitat for a wide range of wildlife.

Table of Contents

  • Indravati Tiger Reserve Location
  • Indravati Tiger Reserve History
  • Indravati Tiger Reserve Area
  • Corridor
  • Indravati Tiger Reserve River
    • Indravati River
  • Indravati Tiger Reserve Flora
  • Indravati Tiger Reserve Fauna
    • Mammals
      • Wild Water Buffalo
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Indravati Tiger Reserve
  • Indravati Tiger Reserve UPSC Questions

Indravati Tiger Reserve Location

Indravati Tiger Reserve is located in the Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh, India. It is situated in the southern part of the state, near the border with the state of Maharashtra. 

Indravati Tiger Reserve Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Indravati Tiger Reserve is the Swami Vivekananda Airport, also known as Raipur Airport. It is located in Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh. The airport is approximately 480 kilometers away from the reserve.

Indravati Tiger Reserve Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Indravati Tiger Reserve is Jagdalpur Railway Station. Jagdalpur is a city in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh, and the railway station is approximately 170 kilometers (105 miles) away from the reserve.

Indravati Tiger Reserve History

The history of Indravati Tiger Reserve dates back to its establishment as a wildlife sanctuary and subsequent declaration as a tiger reserve. Here is a brief overview of its history:

Formation as a Wildlife Sanctuary: Indravati Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1981 under the Wildlife Protection Act of India, 1972. The sanctuary was named after the Indravati River, which flows through the region. 

Declaration as a Tiger Reserve: In 1983, Indravati Wildlife Sanctuary was upgraded to the status of a tiger reserve, primarily to protect the habitat of the Royal Bengal Tigers. This elevated its conservation status and focused efforts on the conservation and management of the tiger population in the region.

Indravati Tiger Reserve Area

Indravati Tiger Reserve covers an approximate area of 2,799 square kilometers.

  • Core / critical tiger habitat : 1258.37
  • Buffer / peripheral area : 1540.70
  • Total : 2799.07

Core/Critical Tiger Habitat: 1258.37

This refers to the primary area within the reserve that is designated as the core habitat for the tiger population. It is given high priority for tiger conservation and management.

Buffer/Peripheral Area: 1540.70

The buffer or peripheral area surrounds the core habitat and serves as a transitional zone between the core area and the surrounding human-dominated landscape. It helps in providing additional protection to the reserve and minimizing human-wildlife conflicts.

Total Area: 2799.07

This is the sum of the core/critical tiger habitat and the buffer/peripheral area, representing the total extent of Indravati Tiger Reserve.


The Indravati Tiger Reserve is part of a larger landscape that includes Bhairamgarh and Pamed Wildlife Sanctuaries. This combined area forms the Indravati landscape, which is significant for conservation efforts in the region.

In terms of connectivity, Indravati Tiger Reserve has linkages with several other tiger reserves. These include:

Kawal Tiger Reserve (Telangana): Indravati Tiger Reserve shares connectivity with Kawal Tiger Reserve, located in Telangana. These linkages provide potential corridors for wildlife movement and genetic exchange between the two reserves.

Tadoba Tiger Reserve (Maharashtra): There is connectivity between Indravati Tiger Reserve and Tadoba Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra. This allows for the movement of wildlife between the two reserves, contributing to their overall ecological connectivity.

Kanha Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh): Indravati Tiger Reserve also has linkages with Kanha Tiger Reserve, located in Madhya Pradesh. These linkages facilitate the movement of wildlife, including tigers, between the two reserves.

Apart from the connections with other tiger reserves, the linkages of Indravati Tiger Reserve with other forest divisions within Chhattisgarh, such as Bijapur, Narayanpur, Kondagaon, and Kanker, are also important. These linkages allow for wildlife movement across different forested areas, enhancing the overall connectivity and ecological integrity of the landscape.

The establishment and preservation of such corridors and linkages are crucial for maintaining healthy populations of wildlife, promoting genetic diversity, and mitigating the negative impacts of habitat fragmentation. They play a significant role in sustaining the long-term conservation of species within the region.

Indravati Tiger Reserve River

Indravati Tiger Reserve is named after the Indravati River, which flows through the region. The river holds great significance for the reserve, providing water and supporting the diverse ecosystems within its boundaries. Indravati river forms the boundary of the Indravati Tiger Reserve on the Northern and Western side.

The Indravati River is a major tributary of the Godavari River, one of the largest rivers in India. It originates in the Kalahandi district of Odisha and flows through the southern part of Chhattisgarh, passing through the Indravati Tiger Reserve. The river then continues its course through the Bastar district before eventually joining the Godavari River in Maharashtra.

The Indravati River plays a crucial role in shaping the landscape and providing water resources to the flora and fauna in the reserve. It supports the growth of various vegetation types and acts as a lifeline for numerous wildlife species. The river also facilitates the formation of wetlands and water bodies, creating additional habitats for aquatic animals and migratory birds.

Indravati Tiger Reserve Flora

The Indravati Tiger Reserve is known for its rich and diverse flora. It is home to a wide variety of plant species, including trees, shrubs, herbs, and grasses. 

The following forest types are present in the Indravati Tiger Reserve reserve:


  • Sal (Shorea robusta)
  • Teak (Tectona grandis)
  • Bamboo (Various species, including Dendrocalamus strictus)
  • Mahua (Madhuca longifolia)
  • Semal (Bombax ceiba)
  • Harra (Terminalia chebula)
  • Arjun (Terminalia arjuna)
  • Palas (Butea monosperma)
  • Anjan (Hardwickia binata)
  • Indian Gooseberry (Emblica officinalis)
  • Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma)


  • Lantana (Lantana camara)
  • Indian Laburnum (Cassia fistula)
  • Indian Rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)
  • Indian Coral Tree (Erythrina variegata)
  • Indian Almond (Terminalia catappa)
  • Jungle Jalebi (Pithecellobium dulce)

Herbs and Grasses:

  • Apluda mutica
  • Aristida setacea
  • Cymbopogon spp. (Lemongrass)
  • Imperata cylindrical (Cogon grass)
  • Heteropogon contortus
  • Digera arvensis (Bhurat)

Indravati Tiger Reserve Fauna (Indravati Tiger Reserve Animals)

The Indravati Tiger Reserve is renowned for its diverse and abundant wildlife. It is home to a wide range of fauna, including several endangered and critically endangered species. While it is not possible to list all the species found in the reserve, here are some notable examples of fauna that can be encountered:


  • Tiger
  • Wild Water Buffalo
  • Leopard
  • Striped Hyena
  • Wolf
  • Common Mongoose
  • Sloth Bear
  • Fox
  • Hare
  • Common Langur
  • Flying Squirrel
  • Chital
  • Sambar
  • Barking Deer
  • Nilgai
  • Wild Boar
  • Gaur

Wild Water Buffalo:

Indravati Tiger Reserve is home to one of the last remaining populations of the endangered Wild Water Buffalo. The wild buffalos are found in grassy areas in Pilloor, Gandapuri and in the northwest corner of the Indravati Tiger Reserve.


  • White-necked Stork
  • Black-necked Stork
  • White Ibis
  • Black Ibis
  • Whistling Teals
  • Pintail Duck
  • Brahmny Duck
  • Kites
  • Crested Hawk Eagle
  • Fishing Eagle
  • Honey Buzzard
  • Vultures
  • Partridges
  • Quails
  • Common Grey Hornbill


  • Freshwater Crocodile
  • Common Monitor Lizard
  • Chameleon
  • Common Krait
  • Cobra
  • Russell’s Viper

Top Things to do in Indravati Tiger Reserve

When visiting the Indravati Tiger Reserve, there are several activities and experiences that you can enjoy. Here are some of the top things to do in the reserve:

  • Wildlife Safari
  • Tiger Spotting
  • Birdwatching
  • Nature Walks and Trekking
  • Visit Waterfalls and Streams
  • Photography
  • Interaction with Local Communities
  • Nature Interpretation Center

Indravati Tiger Reserve UPSC Questions

Q. Indravati Tiger Reserve is in which state?/Where is Indravati Tiger Reserve located?/situated?

A. Indravati National Park is situated in the Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh, India.

Q. How many tigers are there in Indravati Tiger Reserve?

A. 30 to 35 tigers are there in Indravati Tiger Reserve.

Q. What is Indravati Tiger Reserve famous for?

A. The Indravati Tiger Reserve is famous for several reasons, making it a significant destination for wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, and conservationists. Here are some of the notable aspects for which the Indravati Tiger Reserve is renowned:

  • Bengal Tigers
  • Biodiversity Hotspot
  • Conservation Success
  • Scenic Landscapes
  • Tribal Culture
  • Conservation Research
  • Ecotourism Opportunities
  • Connectivity with Other Reserves

Indravati Tiger Reserve

No comments:

Post a Comment