Friday, June 30, 2023

Nameri Tiger Reserve

Nameri Tiger Reserve UPSC

Nameri Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary and tiger reserve located in the state of Assam, India. It is situated at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas and covers an area of about 200 square kilometers. The reserve is named after the Nameri River, which flows through it.

Nameri Tiger Reserve is known for its rich biodiversity and is home to several endangered and endemic species. The reserve is particularly famous for its population of Bengal tigers. It was declared a tiger reserve in 1999 to protect the habitat of these majestic big cats.

Visitors to Nameri Tiger Reserve can engage in a variety of activities, such as jungle safaris, bird watching, river rafting, trekking, and camping. The Jia-Bhoroli River, which flows through the reserve, offers opportunities for river rafting and angling. The scenic beauty of the reserve, coupled with its diverse wildlife, makes it a popular ecotourism destination in Assam.

Table of Contents

  • Nameri Tiger Reserve Location
  • Nameri Tiger Reserve History
  • Nameri Tiger Reserve Area
  • Nameri Tiger Reserve River
  • Nameri Tiger Reserve Flora
  • Nameri Tiger Reserve Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Top Things to do in Nameri Tiger Reserve
  • Nameri Tiger Reserve UPSC Questions

Nameri Tiger Reserve Location

Nameri Tiger Reserve is located in the Sonitpur district of the state of Assam in northeastern India. It is situated at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, near the border with Arunachal Pradesh. 

The reserve is approximately 35 kilometers from the town of Tezpur and around 200 kilometers from the city of Guwahati, which is the largest city in Assam. 

Nameri Tiger Reserve Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Nameri Tiger Reserve is Salonibari Airport, also known as Tezpur Airport. It is located in Tezpur, which is approximately 35 kilometers away from the reserve. Salonibari Airport has regular flights connecting it to major cities in India, including Kolkata and Guwahati.

Nameri Tiger Reserve Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Nameri Tiger Reserve is Rangapara North Railway Station, located in Rangapara town. It is approximately 38 kilometers away from the reserve. Rangapara North Railway Station is well-connected to major cities and towns in India, including Guwahati and Kolkata. From the railway station, one can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach Nameri Tiger Reserve.

Nameri Tiger Reserve History

The history of Nameri Tiger Reserve dates back to the early 20th century when it was established as a forest reserve. Here is a brief overview of the history of Nameri Tiger Reserve:

Early Conservation Efforts: The area that encompasses Nameri Tiger Reserve was initially designated as the Sonitpur Reserve Forest in 1905. The region was recognized for its rich biodiversity and pristine forests, prompting the need for conservation efforts.

Conversion into a Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1978, a portion of the Sonitpur Reserve Forest was declared as the Nameri Wildlife Sanctuary with the objective of protecting the diverse flora and fauna found in the region. The sanctuary covered an area of approximately 137 square kilometers.

Tiger Reserve Status: Recognizing the significance of Nameri as a habitat for Bengal tigers, the Government of India declared Nameri Wildlife Sanctuary as a tiger reserve in 1999-2000. This decision aimed to provide stronger protection to the tiger population and their habitat.

Inclusion in the Eastern Himalayas Biodiversity Hotspot: The Eastern Himalayas, including Nameri Tiger Reserve, is designated as a global biodiversity hotspot due to its remarkable ecological importance. The region is recognized for its high species diversity, including many endemic and threatened species.

Nameri Tiger Reserve Area

Nameri Tiger Reserve covers an approximate area of 344 square kilometers. The Nameri National Park constitutes the core of Nameri Tiger Reserve Area.

  • Core/critical tiger habitat: 200
  • Buffer/periphera area: 144
  • Total: 344

Core/Critical Tiger Habitat: The core area of Nameri Tiger Reserve, which is designated as the critical tiger habitat, covers an area of 200 square kilometers. This area is specifically focused on providing a protected environment for the Bengal tiger population.

Buffer/Periphery Area: The buffer or periphery area of Nameri Tiger Reserve encompasses an additional 144 square kilometers. This zone acts as a transition area between the core area and the surrounding human-dominated landscapes. The buffer zone is intended to provide a buffer for the wildlife and habitat and helps in mitigating human-wildlife conflicts.

Nameri Tiger Reserve River

The Nameri Tiger Reserve is traversed by the Jia-Bhoroli River, which is a tributary of the Brahmaputra River. Additionally, the reserve is also home to several tributaries of the Jia-Bhoroli River, including the Nameri River, Upper Dikorai River, and Bor Dikorai River.

These rivers and their tributaries play a vital role in shaping the landscape and ecology of the Nameri Tiger Reserve. They provide a constant water supply to the region, supporting diverse aquatic habitats and sustaining the rich biodiversity of the area.

Note- The Nameri Tiger Reserve is one of the important conservation areas on the north bank landscape of the River Brahmaputra.

Nameri Tiger Reserve Flora

Nameri Tiger Reserve is characterized by a diverse range of flora, consisting of various forest types and vegetation communities. Here are the main forest types and vegetation found within the reserve:

(1) Assam Valley Tropical Evergreen Forests:

These forests are characterized by dense canopies, with tall trees forming a continuous cover. They consist of evergreen tree species that provide shade and maintain a relatively stable microclimate.

(2) Sub-Himalayan Light Alluvial Semi-Evergreen Forests:

These forests are found in areas with lighter alluvial soils. They consist of a mix of evergreen and deciduous tree species, with a slightly open canopy. These forests are influenced by the proximity to the Himalayan foothills.

(3) Eastern Alluvial Secondary Semi-Evergreen Forests:

These forests occur in areas with alluvial soils along riverbanks. They consist of a mix of both evergreen and deciduous tree species and are characterized by a moderate canopy cover.

(4) Cane Brakes:

Cane brakes are areas dominated by bamboo thickets, forming dense patches within the forest. They provide important habitat and food sources for various wildlife species.

(5) Low Alluvial Savanna Woodland:

These are open woodland areas with scattered trees, grasses, and shrubs. They occur in low-lying areas with alluvial soils and are prone to flooding during the monsoon season.

(6) Eastern Hollock Forests:

Hollock forests are dominated by the species Terminalia myriocarpa, commonly known as Hollock trees. These forests provide important habitats for a variety of wildlife.

(7) Eastern Seasonal Swamp Forests:

These forests are found in areas with seasonal waterlogging. They consist of tree species adapted to wet conditions and are home to a diverse range of aquatic and semi-aquatic flora and fauna.

(8) Eastern Dillenia Swamp Forests:

Dillenia swamp forests are characterized by the presence of Dillenia indica, a tree species with large, showy flowers. These forests occur in swampy areas and support unique plant and animal communities.

(9) Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland:

These are open grassland areas located in wet alluvial zones. They consist of grasses and herbaceous plants that thrive in periodically flooded conditions.

Nameri Tiger Reserve Fauna (Nameri Tiger Reserve Animals)

Nameri Tiger Reserve is known for its rich and diverse fauna. The reserve is home to numerous species of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Here are some of the notable fauna found in Nameri Tiger Reserve:


  • Royal Bengal Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Clouded Leopard
  • Wild Dog
  • Asian Elephant
  • Gaur
  • Sambar
  • Hog Deer
  • Barking Deer
  • Sloth Bear
  • Wild Boar
  • Large Indian Civet Cat
  • Small Indian Civet Cat
  • Himalayan Crestless Porcupine
  • Yellow Throated Marten
  • Leopard Cat
  • Common Otter
  • Black Giant Squirrel
  • Indian Mongoose
  • Large Clawed Shrew
  • Indian Flying Fox
  • Slow Loris
  • Assameese Macaque
  • Rhesus Macaque


  • White Winged Wood Duck
  • Great Hornbill
  • Green Cochoa
  • Ibisbill
  • Common Merganser
  • Long-tailed broadbill
  • Rufous-necked Hornbill
  • Pallash Fish Eagle
  • Greater Spotted Eagle
  • Lesser Adjutant Stork
  • Jerdon’s Babbler
  • Whitecheeked Patridge
  • Black-bellied Tern
  • White-tailed Eagle
  • Lesser Fish Eagle
  • Red-headed Vulture
  • White-rumped Vulture
  • Slender Billed Vulture

Note- Nameri Tiger Reserve is famous for the White Winged Wood Duck.


  • Assam Roofed Turtle
  • King Cobra
  • Indian Rock Python
  • Common Krait
  • Bengal Monitor Lizard
  • Indian Chameleon
  • Many-scaled Worm Snake


  • Golden Masher
  • Rou
  • Kandhuli
  • Bhakua
  • Bato
  • Lasim
  • Ari
  • Borali
  • Xinghi
  • Magur
  • Xol
  • Goroi
  • Kawoi
  • Kholihiona

Top Things to do in Nameri Tiger Reserve

When visiting Nameri Tiger Reserve, there are several exciting activities and experiences that you can enjoy. Here are some of the top things to do in Nameri Tiger Reserve:

  • Wildlife Safari
  • River Rafting
  • Birdwatching
  • Nature Walks and Trekking
  • Angling
  • Visit Nameri Eco Camp
  • Explore Tribal Culture
  • Camping and Bonfires
  • Photography
  • Relax and Rejuvenate

Nameri Tiger Reserve UPSC Questions

Q. Where is the Nameri Tiger Reserve?

A. Nameri Tiger Reserve is located in the Sonitpur district of the state of Assam in India. 

Q. When was nameri declared as Tiger Reserve?

A. Nameri declared as tiger reserve in 1999-2000.

Q. What is nameri famous for?

A. Nameri is famous for several reasons, primarily due to its natural beauty, rich biodiversity, and conservation efforts. Here are some of the things Nameri is renowned for:

  • Nameri Tiger Reserve
  • Wildlife Diversity
  • River Rafting
  • Birdwatching Paradise
  • Scenic Landscapes
  • Indigenous Tribal Culture
  • Ecotourism and Sustainable Practices

Nameri Tiger Reserve

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