Sunday, June 4, 2023

Nawegaon National Park

Nawegaon National Park UPSC

Table of Contents

  • Nawegaon National Park Location
  • Nawegaon National Park History
  • Nawegaon National Park Area
  • Nawegaon National Park Lake
    • Nawegaon Lake
  • Nawegaon National Park Flora
    • Dry Deciduous Forests
    • Bamboo Groves
    • Medicinal Plants
    • Grasslands
    • Aquatic Vegetation
  • Nawegaon National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Nawegaon National Park
  • Nawegaon National Park UPSC Questions


Nawegaon National Park Location

Nawegaon National Park is located  in the Arjuni Morgaon subdivision of Gondia district in state of Maharashtra, India. The park is situated at southern part of Gondia district. It is located in eastern part of Maharashtra state.


Navegaon National Park, commonly known as Navegaon Bandit, is about 150 Km from Nagpur. 


Nawegaon National Park Nearest Airport:

  • Nearest airport is at Nagpur, Maharashtra. 


Nawegaon National Park Nearest Railway Station:

  • Devalgaon Railway station (3 km). 




Nawegaon National Park History

Nawegaon National Park has a rich history that dates back to the pre-independence era of India. Here is a brief overview of the history of Nawegaon National Park:


Early history: The region where Nawegaon National Park is located has a significant historical and cultural background. It was ruled by various dynasties and kingdoms, including the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Vakatakas, and Gond Kingdom.


Establishment: In 2000, Nawegaon National Park was officially established as a national park. The purpose was to protect and preserve the region's biodiversity and provide a safe habitat for wildlife.


Tiger Reserve: In 2013, Nawegaon National Park become a part of Navegaon Nagzira Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger. Navegaon Nagzira Tiger Reserve comprised of the notified area of Nawegaon National Park, Nawegaon Wildlife Sanctuary, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary, New Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Koka Wildlife Sanctuary.


Wildlife Conservation Efforts: Over the years, the park has been actively involved in various wildlife conservation initiatives. Measures have been taken to safeguard the habitats of endangered species and promote their breeding and survival.




Nawegaon National Park Area 

Nawegaon National Park covers an area of approximately 133.78 Sq.Km (51.64 square miles). This expansive area includes a variety of landscapes such as dense forests, grasslands, meadows, and a beautiful lake. 


The diverse terrain provides a suitable habitat for a wide range of plant and animal species, making the park a biodiversity hotspot in the region. The large area of Nawegaon National Park offers ample space for wildlife to roam and thrive, while also providing visitors with opportunities to explore and appreciate the natural wonders it has to offer.




Nawegaon National Park Lake

Nawegaon Lake:

Nawegaon National Park is known for its beautiful lake called Nawegaon Lake. It is a man-made lake located within the park's boundaries. Nawegaon Lake stretches over an area of 11 sq. km. The lake is one of the prominent features of the park and adds to its scenic beauty.


Nawegaon Lake serves as a vital water source for the park's flora and fauna, attracting a variety of bird species and other wildlife. The serene and tranquil environment around the lake makes it a popular spot for visitors to relax and enjoy the natural surroundings.


Boating is a popular activity on Nawegaon Lake, allowing visitors to explore the lake and enjoy the panoramic views of the park. The park authorities provide boating facilities, and visitors can rent paddle boats or rowboats to navigate the lake.




Nawegaon National Park Flora

What is the common flora of Navegaon National Park?

Nawegaon National Park is home to a diverse range of flora, encompassing various types of vegetation that contribute to the park's biodiversity. The park's flora comprises both native and introduced plant species. 


The flora of Nawegaon National Park plays a vital role in providing habitats, food sources, and ecological balance for the diverse wildlife that inhabits the park. It contributes to the overall natural beauty and ecological significance of the area.


Here are some of the prominent flora found in Nawegaon National Park:


(1) Dry Deciduous Forests:

The park is predominantly covered with dry deciduous forests, characterized by trees that shed their leaves during the dry season. These forests consist of species such as teak, ain, tendu, moha, haldu, and palas.


(2) Bamboo Groves: 

Nawegaon National Park features dense bamboo groves, primarily consisting of Dendrocalamus strictus and Bambusa arundinacea species. These bamboo thickets provide shelter and food for several animal species.


(3) Medicinal Plants:

The park is also known for the presence of various medicinal plants. Species like Acorus calamus, Emblica officinalis, Tinospora cordifolia, and Terminalia chebula can be found here, which have been traditionally used for their therapeutic properties.


(4) Grasslands: 

Along with forests, Nawegaon National Park includes vast grassland areas. These grasslands provide grazing habitats for herbivores and support a diverse range of grass species.


(5) Aquatic Vegetation: 

Nawegaon Lake within the park supports aquatic vegetation, including species like water lilies, lotus, and various submerged aquatic plants that thrive in the water environment.




Nawegaon National Park Fauna (Nawegaon National Park Animals)

Nawegaon National Park is renowned for its diverse fauna, with a wide range of animal species inhabiting the park. The park's varied habitats, including forests, grasslands, and water bodies, support a rich biodiversity. 


Here are some of the prominent fauna found in Nawegaon National Park:


Mammals:

  • Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Panther
  • Wild Dog
  • Hyena
  • Wolf
  • Sambar
  • Gaur (Bisons)
  • Barking Deer
  • Four-horned Antelope
  • Sloth Bear
  • Chital
  • Nilgai
  • Jungle Cat
  • Small India Civet
  • Palm Civet
  • Jackals


Birds:

  • Greylag Goose
  • Red-crested Pochard
  • Northern Pintail
  • Garganey
  • Eurasian Curlew
  • Black-tailed Godwit
  • Common Redshank
  • Common Greenshank
  • Little Stint
  • Curlew Sandpiper
  • Pallid Harrier


Reptiles:

  • Indian Pythons
  • Cobras
  • Russell's Viper
  • Rat Snakes
  • Monitor Lizards
  • Tortoises




Top Things to do in Nawegaon National Park

When visiting Nawegaon National Park, there are several activities and experiences that visitors can enjoy. Here are some of the top things to do in Nawegaon National Park:


  • Wildlife Safari
  • Birdwatching
  • Boating (Nawegaon Lake)
  • Nature Walks
  • Wildlife Photography
  • Picnicking
  • Visit the Interpretation Center




Nawegaon National Park UPSC Questions

Q. What is Navegaon National Park known for?

A. Nawegaon National Park is known for several notable features and attractions. Here are some of the key aspects for which Nawegaon National Park is renowned:

  • Biodiversity
  • Nawegaon Lake
  • Wildlife Conservation
  • Scenic Beauty
  • Ecotourism


Q. Navegaon National Park is famous for which animal?

A. Navegaon National Park is famous for which animal Tiger, Leopard, Panther etc. animal.

Nawegaon National Park

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