Saturday, August 5, 2023

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is known for its diverse flora and fauna and is an important area for wildlife conservation in the region. 

Some of the animals that can be found in the sanctuary include leopards, sloth bears, sambar deer, wild boars, and various species of birds.

The sanctuary offers visitors an opportunity to experience nature, observe wildlife in their natural habitats, and enjoy the serene environment. It also plays a crucial role in preserving the biodiversity and ecosystem of the area.

Table of Contents

  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) is located in Koderma district of Jharkhand, India. It is situated on the Chhotanagpur plateau.

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

the nearest airport to Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary is the Birsa Munda Airport in Ranchi, Jharkhand. The airport is located at a distance of approximately 170 kilometers (about 105 miles) from Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary.

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary is the Koderma Junction railway station itself. It is well-connected to major cities in India through the railway network.

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary History

Establishment: In 1985, recognizing the ecological significance of the area and the need for wildlife conservation, the government of Jharkhand officially designated Koderma as a wildlife sanctuary. The primary objective was to create a protected haven for various plant and animal species native to the region.

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Area

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 150.62 square kilometers. This significant land area makes it a substantial protected area for wildlife conservation in the Koderma district of Jharkhand, India. 

The sanctuary's vast expanse provides ample space for various plant and animal species to thrive and maintain their natural habitats

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its rich and diverse flora. The sanctuary comprises hilly range of dry deciduous forests, traversed by plenty of rivulets. The sanctuary's vegetation includes various types of forests, grasslands, and other plant communities that support a wide range of plant species. 

Here are some of the notable flora found in the Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Sal (Shorea robusta)
  • Asan (Terminalia elliptica)
  • Panjan (Anogeissus pendula)
  • Kendu (Diospyros melanoxylon)
  • Salai (Boswellia serrata)
  • Mahua (Madhuca longifolia)
  • Piar (Holoptelea integrifolia)
  • Sidha (Bauhinia racemosa)
  • Amla (Emblica officinalis)
  • Jamun (Syzygium cumini)
  • Bauhinia (Bauhinia spp.)
  • Khair (Acacia catechu)
  • Palas (Butea monosperma)
  • Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana)

These tree species contribute to the diverse and thriving flora within the sanctuary, supporting various wildlife and making Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary an important ecological habitat.

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of fauna, with various animals inhabiting its forests, grasslands, and water bodies. Some of the notable wildlife species found in the sanctuary include:


  • Leopard
  • Sloth Bear
  • Sambar Deer
  • Wild Boar
  • Indian Pangolin
  • Indian Porcupine
  • Barking Deer
  • Jackal
  • Indian Fox
  • Wild Dogs
  • Indian Civet
  • Indian Flying Fox
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Indian Giant Squirrel
  • Nilgai
  • Chital
  • Common Langur
  • Indian Hare
  • Indian Gray Mongoose


Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary is a paradise for birdwatchers, and numerous avian species can be observed here. The birdlife includes both resident and migratory species. Some common and notable birds found in the sanctuary are:

  • Peafowl (Indian Peafowl)
  • Indian Roller 
  • Grey Hornbill (Indian Grey Hornbill)
  • Indian Pitta
  • Painted Stork
  • Grey Heron
  • Indian Vulture (Long-billed Vulture)
  • White-throated Kingfisher
  • Indian Robin
  • Red-vented Bulbul
  • Black Drongo
  • Indian Treepie (Grey Treepie)
  • Crested Serpent Eagle
  • Black-winged Kite
  • Indian Paradise Flycatcher
  • Common Myna
  • Indian Silverbill
  • Greater Coucal
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet
  • Jungle Babbler


  • Indian Rock Python
  • Common Indian Monitor
  • Indian Chameleon
  • Indian Cobra
  • Indian Rat Snake

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. The Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) is located in which state/ut?

A. The Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) is located in the state of Jharkhand, India. It is situated in the Koderma district, which is known for its rich biodiversity and natural beauty. The sanctuary is a protected area dedicated to conserving the region's flora and fauna and promoting wildlife conservation efforts in the state.

Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary

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