Friday, August 11, 2023

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary, nestled in the scenic landscape of the Jammu and Kashmir, India, stands as a testament to the region's remarkable biodiversity and dedication to wildlife conservation. The sanctuary derives its name from the village of Nandini.

The sanctuary is home to an impressive collection of mammal species. Among these are the elusive leopard and the majestic Himalayan black bear, emblematic of the wild and rugged landscapes that characterize the Himalayan region. 

Table of Contents

  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is situated approximately 28 kilometers away from the city of Jammu. 

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to the Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is the Jammu Airport (also known as Jammu Civil Enclave). It's located in the city of Jammu and serves as a major gateway to the region. The distance between Jammu Airport and the Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is approximately 28 kilometers.

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to the Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is likely the Jammu Tawi Railway Station. It's one of the major railway stations in Jammu and Kashmir and is well-connected to various cities across India. The distance between Jammu Tawi Railway Station and the Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is also around 28 kilometers.

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary was established in the year 1981 with the primary aim of conserving and protecting the diverse flora and fauna of the region.

The sanctuary was designated to provide a safe haven for various species of wildlife, especially considering the presence of notable species such as Himalayan black bears, leopards, musk deer, Asiatic black bears, and a variety of bird species.

The establishment of the Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary reflects the importance of safeguarding natural ecosystems and biodiversity in the region. Over the years, efforts to manage and conserve the sanctuary's ecological balance, as well as educate the public about its importance, have been ongoing.

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 33.34 square kilometers.  It is relatively compact in size compared to some larger wildlife sanctuaries, but it is still significant in terms of its biodiversity and the species it supports.

This sanctuary's relatively small size may be a factor in its ability to provide suitable habitat for various wildlife species, including mammals and birds, while also allowing for effective management and conservation efforts. The sanctuary's size, combined with its diverse flora and fauna, contributes to its ecological importance in the region.

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary, being located in the Himalayan region of Jammu and Kashmir, is likely to have a diverse range of flora due to varying elevations and climatic conditions. Some common types of flora that could be found in this sanctuary include:

(1) Temperate Forest Trees:

The sanctuary have various species of temperate forest trees, such as oak, pine, deodar cedar, and fir. These trees are adapted to the cooler climate of the Himalayan region.

(2) Rhododendrons:

The Himalayan region is known for its beautiful rhododendron species, which produce colorful flowers during the blooming season.

(3) Alpine Plants:

At higher elevations, alpine plants are likely to thrive. These could include dwarf shrubs, grasses, and small flowering plants adapted to colder and harsher conditions.

(4) Mosses and Lichens:

Given the moist and cool conditions of the region, mosses and lichens could be abundant, particularly in shaded and damp areas.

(5) Grasses and Ferns:

Various species of grasses, ferns, and other undergrowth vegetation contribute to the overall ecosystem structure.

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

What animals are in Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary?/What is the fauna of Nandini wildlife sanctuary?

The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is known to be home to a variety of fauna, including mammals, birds, and possibly other wildlife. 


  • Asiatic Black Bear
  • Leopard
  • Musk Deer
  • Goral
  • Wild Boar
  • Grey Langur
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Red Fox
  • Marten


  • Himalayan Monal
  • Koklass Pheasant
  • Cheer Pheasant
  • Blue Rock Pigeon
  • Peafowl
  • Red Junglefowl
  • Chukar Partridge
  • Himalayan Griffon Vulture

Reptiles and Amphibians:

  • Common Indian Monitor Lizard
  • Snakes (Various species)
  • Frogs (Various species)

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which district?/Where is Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary located?

A. The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Q. When was Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary established?

A. The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary was established in the year 1981.

Q. What is Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. The Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its biodiversity and as a habitat for various species of wildlife, including both mammals and birds. Some of its notable features include:

(i) Diverse Wildlife: The sanctuary is known for its rich variety of wildlife species, including pheasants, Indian mynah, blue rock pigeon, peafowl, red jungle fowl, chir pheasants, chakor, wild boar, goral, leopard, grey langur, rhesus monkey, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, and Asiatic black bear.

(ii) Bird Diversity: The sanctuary is home to a variety of bird species, including the Himalayan Monal, Koklas, and Cheer pheasant, making it a haven for birdwatchers and enthusiasts.

(iii) Natural Beauty: The sanctuary is likely situated in a picturesque Himalayan landscape, providing a scenic and serene environment for visitors to enjoy.

(iv) Eco-Tourism: The sanctuary might attract eco-tourists and nature enthusiasts who want to explore and appreciate the natural beauty and wildlife of the region.

Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary

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