Tuesday, August 22, 2023

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is a notable protected area situated in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is recognized for its vital role in wildlife conservation and preserving biodiversity.

The sanctuary derives its name from the local deity, Goddess Tipai, and the nearby Tipeshwar village. Despite its rich wildlife, the sanctuary remains relatively lesser-known. Its terrain features hilly and undulating landscapes, fostering diverse habitats for various species.

Despite its remote location, the sanctuary is close to urban centers. Yavatmal is the nearest city, Adilabad the closest railway station, and Nagpur the nearest airport. The sanctuary's "Green Oasis" status underscores its importance for maintaining a thriving natural environment amid the surrounding landscapes.

Table of Contents

  • Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Location

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Pandarkawada Tehsil of the Yavatmal district in the state of Maharashtra, India. The nearest city to the sanctuary is Yavatmal, located about 70 kilometers away. 

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is Nagpur Airport, located approximately 172 kilometers away.

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is Adilabad Railway Station, situated around 35 kilometers away.

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary History

Name and Origin: The sanctuary, along with the nearby village of Tipeshwar, derives its name from Goddess Tipai, a local deity. The name "Tipeshwar" is associated with this deity and the village, reflecting the cultural and religious significance.

Establishment and Notification: Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary was officially notified on April 30th, 1997. This declaration recognized the area as a protected wildlife habitat, highlighting its ecological importance and the need for conservation efforts.

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 148.63 square kilometers. The sanctuary encompasses the Patanbori and Parwa Ranges of the Pandarkawad Forest Division. 

This relatively extensive area is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, contributing to the sanctuary's ecological significance and conservation efforts.

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The flora of Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary includes a variety of plant species that contribute to the ecosystem's balance and provide habitat and sustenance for the diverse wildlife that inhabit the sanctuary. Here are some of the plant species found within the sanctuary:

  • Teak
  • Arjun
  • Khair
  • Tendu
  • Saja
  • Bijiayasal
  • Lendia
  • Haldu
  • Dhaora
  • Salai
  • Aonla
  • Amaltas
  • Bamboo
  • Mahua

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

What animals are in the Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary?

The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of fauna, including various animal species. Here are some of the notable animals that can be found within the sanctuary:


  • Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Leopard Cats
  • Sloth Bear
  • Gaur
  • Indian Giant Squirrel


  • Peacock
  • Nilgiri Wood Pigeon
  • Malabar Grey Hornbill
  • White-bellied Blue Flycatcher
  • Crimson-backed Sunbird


  • Snakes
  • Lizards

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Where is Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary?/In which state is the Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary?

A. The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Pandarkawada Tehsil of the Yavatmal district in the state of Maharashtra, India. It's relatively close to the city of Yavatmal, with Adilabad being the nearest railway station and Nagpur being the nearest airport.

Q. What is the green oasis of Maharashtra?

A. The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is often referred to as a "Green Oasis" located in the southernmost part of Maharashtra State. Its remarkable significance lies in its role as a haven for wildlife and the conservation of biodiversity. 

The sanctuary's lush landscapes, diverse range of plant and animal species, and its commitment to preserving the delicate ecological balance make it deserving of this title. This designation underscores the sanctuary's crucial contribution to maintaining a flourishing natural environment within the broader surrounding areas.

Q. Which railway station is closest to Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary?

A. Adilabad (35 km) railway station is closest to Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary.

Q. What is Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for several reasons:

(i) Rich Biodiversity: The sanctuary is renowned for its diverse range of flora and fauna. It provides habitat to numerous species of wildlife, including large predators like tigers and leopards, as well as a variety of bird species.

(ii) Green Oasis: The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is renowned for its status as a "Green Oasis" situated in the southernmost part of Maharashtra State, India. It holds great significance in terms of wildlife and biodiversity conservation. 

(iii) Scenic Beauty: Its hilly and undulating terrain, combined with lush tropical dry deciduous forests, makes Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary a scenic and picturesque destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers.

(iv) Remote Location: Its relatively remote location adds to its appeal, offering a serene and peaceful environment for those looking to experience nature away from urban hustle and bustle.

(v) Cultural Significance: The sanctuary and the nearby village of Tipeshwar derive their name from the local deity Goddess Tipai, which adds a cultural and religious significance to the area.

(vi) Tourism: While it may be lesser-known compared to some other wildlife sanctuaries in India, Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is gaining popularity as a destination for eco-tourism and wildlife safaris.

Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

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