Tuesday, October 3, 2023

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the state of Manipur, India. This sanctuary is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including various tree species, orchids, mammals, and birds. 

The sanctuary is characterized by its tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, undulating terrain, and the presence of the Barak River and several streams. It is home to a variety of wildlife species, making it an important area for biodiversity conservation in the region.

The sanctuary is part of the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area and hosts a variety of bird species, including Rufous-bellied Niltava, Brown Hornbill, Goldenthroated Barbet, and more.

Table of Contents

  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Hills
  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary River
  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Barail Range within the Tamenglong district of Manipur, India. It is situated in the northeastern part of India. The sanctuary is known for its lush tropical evergreen forests, numerous streams, and diverse wildlife. 

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to the Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is the Imphal International Airport. Imphal is the capital city of Manipur and is reasonably well-connected by air to other major Indian cities.

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to the Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is the Jiribam Railway Station. Jiribam is a town located in the Jiribam subdivision of Manipur and serves as the closest railway point for accessing the sanctuary. From Jiribam, you would need to travel by road to reach the sanctuary, which is approximately 172 kilometers away via the Tamei Road.

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary History

Establishment: Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary was officially notified in the year 1997. This notification marks the formal establishment of the sanctuary for the conservation and protection of its biodiversity and natural resources.

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 115.8 square kilometers (11,580 hectares). This area is set aside and protected to conserve the diverse wildlife and natural habitats found within the sanctuary's boundaries.

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Hills

The Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Barail Range in Manipur, India. As a sanctuary situated within a range, it is likely to encompass hilly and undulating terrain as well as the surrounding forested areas. 

The Barail Range itself is characterized by its hilly topography and thick tropical evergreen forests. These hills and their associated ecosystems are an integral part of the sanctuary, providing habitat for a variety of wildlife species and contributing to the region's biodiversity. 

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary River

The Barak river flows near the Sanctuary. Many streams originate from the catchment areas within the Sanctuary and feed the Barak. It's contributing to the region's ecosystem and providing water sources for wildlife.

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its rich and diverse flora. Here are some examples of the flora you can find in the sanctuary:

  • Michelia champaca (Champak)
  • Toona ciliate (Toon)
  • Schima wallichii (Chilaune)
  • Gmelina arborea (Gmelina)
  • Messua ferrea
  • Artocarpus hirsute
  • Mangifera indica (Mango)
  • Castanopsis hystrix
  • Bombax ceiba
  • Cinnamomum zeylanicum
  • Emblica officinalis (Indian gooseberry)


Different species of Epiphytic, Terrestrial, Saprophytic, and Lithophytic orchids are also found in the sanctuary. The specific species of orchids can be highly diverse, and they contribute to the rich floral biodiversity of the area.

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

What animals are in the Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary?

The Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of fauna. Here is a list of some of the notable wildlife species found in the sanctuary:


  • Tiger 
  • Leopard
  • Clouded leopard
  • Asian Elephant 
  • Gaur 
  • Asiatic Black Bear 
  • Dhole or Wild Dog
  • Barking Deer
  • Sambar
  • Jackal
  • Pangolin
  • Wild Boar
  • Jungle Cat
  • Martens
  • Golden Cat
  • Slow loris
  • Hoolock Gibbon 
  • Assamese Macaque 
  • Capped Langur


  • Rufous-bellied Niltava
  • Brown Hornbill
  • Goldenthroated Barbet
  • Blue-throated Barbet
  • Bay Woodpecker
  • Maroon Oriole
  • Himalayan Treepie
  • Whitethroated Bulbul
  • Grey Peacock-pheasant
  • Pale-headed Woodpecker
  • Rufous-necked Hornbill 
  • Grey Sibia


  • Snakes
  • Lizards
  • Turtles and Tortoises

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Where is Bunning wildlife sanctuary located?/In which state is Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary?

A. The Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the state of Manipur, India. It is situated in the Barail Range within the Tamenglong district of Manipur. Manipur is a northeastern state in India known for its rich biodiversity and scenic landscapes, and the Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is one of its protected areas aimed at conserving and protecting the region's wildlife and natural habitat.

Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary

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