Monday, October 2, 2023

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the state of Nagaland, India. The sanctuary boasts a diverse range of endemic flora and fauna. The forest is of the moist deciduous evergreen type. 

The sanctuary serves as an important ecological corridor for the movement of elephants and helps maintain contiguous forest areas that have traditionally been the homes of these gentle giants. It contributes to wildlife conservation efforts in the region.

The best time to visit Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagaland, India, is typically during the winter months, from November to March

Table of Contents

  • Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Mon district of the Indian state of Nagaland. It is situated in the northeastern part of India, in the North-East biogeographic zone. It is close to the Abhaypur reserve forest in the state of Assam.

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Jorhat, which is in the state of Assam. The Jorhat Airport is approximately 165 kilometers away from the sanctuary.

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary is Bhoju railway station, also located in Assam. 

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary History

Establishment: Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary was officially established in 2009. It's an important milestone in the history of the sanctuary and marks the beginning of its conservation efforts and protection of its diverse flora and fauna.

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 23.57 square kilometers (2,357 hectares). This sanctuary is a designated protected area with the primary goal of conserving the region's biodiversity, including its diverse flora and fauna. 

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

Here are some of the notable flora species found in the sanctuary:

Blue Vanda (Vanda coerulea): Blue Vanda is a stunning orchid species known for its striking blue flowers. It is a rare and beautiful plant found in the sanctuary.

White Orchids: The presence of white orchids in the sanctuary adds to its biodiversity. Orchids are known for their diverse and colorful varieties.

Foxtail: Foxtail is a common name for various plant species with elongated, bushy flower spikes that resemble a fox's tail. The specific plant species referred to may vary.

Wild Lilies: Wild lilies are likely to be native lily species found in their natural habitat within the sanctuary. These may include various types of lilies with different colors and shapes.

Maples: Maples are typically deciduous trees known for their distinctive leaves, which often change color in the fall. The presence of maples suggests a mix of tree species within the sanctuary.

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

What animals are in Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary?

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its diverse wildlife. Here are some of the notable fauna (animal) species that can be found in the sanctuary:


  • Tigers
  • Leopard
  • Elephant
  • Barking Deer
  • Mountain Goats
  • Wild Boars
  • Bears


  • Hornbills
  • Peafowl
  • Eagles
  • Parrots
  • Owls
  • Woodpeckers
  • Kingfishers


  • Snakes
  • Lizards
  • Turtles
  • Skinks
  • Tortoises

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Where is Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary located?

A. The Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Mon district of the Indian state of Nagaland. It is situated in the northeastern part of India, in the North-East biogeographic zone. 

Q. What is Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagaland, India, is famous for several reasons:

(i) Conservation of Biodiversity: Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary is renowned for its efforts in conserving the rich biodiversity of the region. It provides a protected habitat for a variety of plant and animal species, including elephants, tigers, leopards, various bird species, and more.

(ii) Elephant Conservation: The sanctuary is known for its significance as an elephant habitat. It plays a vital role in the conservation of elephants, which are an iconic and endangered species in India.

(iii) Unique Flora: Singphan is famous for its diverse and unique flora, including the Blue Vanda, White Orchids, Foxtail, Wild Lilies, and Maples. These rare and beautiful plant species attract nature enthusiasts and researchers.

Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary

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