Friday, May 26, 2023

Salim Ali National Park

Salim Ali National Park UPSC

Table of Contents

  • Salim Ali National Park Location
  • Salim Ali National Park History
  • Salim Ali National Park Area
  • Salim Ali National Park River
    • Jhelum River
  • Salim Ali National Park Flora
  • Salim Ali National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Salim Ali National Park UPSC Questions


Salim Ali National Park Location

Salim Ali National Park or City Forest National Park is located in Srinagar district of the Indian union territory, Jammu Kashmir. It is named after the famous ornithologist Dr Salim Ali.


Salim Ali National Park Nearest Airport:

Srinagar Airport is the nearest airport to Salim Ali National Park.


Salim Ali National Park Nearest Railway Station:

Srinagar Railway Station is the nearest railway station to Salim Ali National Park.




Salim Ali National Park History

Salim Ali National Park was established in the year 1986.




Salim Ali National Park Area

Salim Ali National Park covered an area of 9.07 km2 (3.501947 sq mile).




Salim Ali National Park River

Jhelum river flows near Salim Ali National Park.


Jhelum River:

The Jhelum River is a significant river in the Indian subcontinent, flowing through the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir and parts of Pakistan. It is one of the major rivers in the region and plays a crucial role in the irrigation, transportation, and hydroelectric power generation of the area.


Originating from a spring at Verinag in the Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir, the Jhelum River flows northwest through the Kashmir Valley and enters Pakistan near the city of Jhelum. It then continues its journey through the Punjab plains and eventually joins the Chenab River near Trimmu in Pakistan's Punjab province.


The Jhelum River has great historical and cultural significance. It has been mentioned in ancient Sanskrit texts and has played a vital role in the trade and transportation routes of the region for centuries. The river has witnessed various historical events and has been an important part of the Kashmiri way of life.


  • It is a tributary of the Chenab River.
  • It has a total length of about 725 kilometres (450 mi).
  • Left Tributaries of Jhelum-  Poonch River Sukhnag River
  • Right Tributaries of Jhelum- Arpath River, Lidder River, Neelum River, Sind River, Kunhar River




Salim Ali National Park Flora

Here are some notable flora species found in Salim Ali National Park:

  • Deodar (Cedrus deodara)
  • Pines (Pinus spp.)
  • Oak (Quercus spp.)
  • Brachypodium spp.




Salim Ali National Park Fauna (Salim Ali National Park Animals)

Here are some notable fauna species found in Salim Ali National Park:


Mammals:

  • Hangul
  • Himalyan Serow
  • Himalayan Black Bear
  • Musk deer
  • Leopard


Birds:

  • Paradise Flycatcher
  • Himalayan Monal
  • Himalayan Snowcock
  • Swamp Francolin 
  • Ringdove


Reptiles:

  • Himalayan Keelback 
  • Himalayan Pit Viper




Salim Ali National Park UPSC Questions

Q. Salim Ali National Park is located in which state?

A. Salim Ali National Park is located in Srinagar district of the Indian union territory, Jammu Kashmir.


Q. Salim Ali National Park is famous for which animal?

A. Salim Ali National Park is famous for Hangul, Himalyan Serow, Himalayan Black Bear, Musk deer, Leopard etc. animals.


Q. Salim Ali National Park in which district?

A. Salim Ali National Park located in Srinagar district of the Indian union territory, Jammu Kashmir.


Q. Salim Ali National Park established in which year?

A. Salim Ali National Park established in 1986.


Q. Why Salim Ali National Park is famous?

A. Salim Ali National Park is famous for bird species.


Q. Which river flows through Salim Ali National Park Jammu and Kashmir?

A. Jhelum river flows through Salim Ali National Park Jammu and Kashmir.


Salim Ali National Park

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