Monday, June 12, 2023

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Pench) National Park UPSC

Table of Contents

  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Location
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park History
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Area
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Flora
    • Trees
    • Shrubs
    • Grasses
    • Climbers
    • Weeds
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park UPSC Questions


Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Location

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park is located in the Nagpur district of Maharashtra, India. It was previously known as Pench National Park. It is named after the renowned conservationist and the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. 


Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Nearest Airport:

  • Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport, Nagpur


Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Nearest Railway Station:

  • Nagpur Junction Railway Station




Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park History (Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Established)

Establishment as a National Park: In 1975, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Pench) National Park was established.




Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Area

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park covers an area of approximately 257.26 square kilometers. 




Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Flora

Here are some notable flora you may find in the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park:


Trees:

  • Indian gum tree or Dhau
  • Crape myrtle
  • Indian laurel or Saja
  • Indian frankincense or Salai
  • Indian ash tree or Wodier
  • Mahua tree or Butter tree
  • Indian rosewood or Sissoo
  • Siris tree or Woman's tongue tree
  • Ebony tree or Tendu
  • Indian kino tree or Bijasal
  • Indian blackberry or Jamun
  • Arjuna tree
  • Indian gooseberry or Amla
  • White crossberry or Nagbala
  • Wild guava or Kumbhi
  • Wild jasmine or Nagchampa
  • Golden shower tree or Amaltas
  • Arabian jasmine or Gandharaj
  • Catechu or Khair
  • Flame of the forest or Palash
  • Wild jujube or Ber


Shrubs:

  • East Indian screw tree or Maror Phali
  • Indian jujube or Sisir
  • Karanda or Bengal currant
  • Fireflame bush or Dhawai
  • Wild indigo or Bhuikohra
  • Governor's plum or Ramphal
  • Lavender vine or Rat ki Rani


Grasses:

  • Napier grass or African foxtail grass
  • Black spear grass or Firegrass
  • Kangaroo grass or Redgrass
  • Bermuda grass or Durva grass


Climbers:

  • Red mimosa or Red powder puff
  • Kachnar or Mountain ebony
  • Flame of the forest or Palas
  • Rosary pea or Gunja
  • Shatavari or Indian asparagus
  • Five-leaved chaste tree or Nirgundi


Weeds:

  • Lantana or Red sage
  • Congress weed or Carrot grass
  • Puncturevine or Gokshura
  • Sickle senna or Foetid cassia
  • Caesarweed or Congo jute




Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Fauna (Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park Animals)

Here are some of the notable fauna species you may find in the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park:


Mammals:

  • Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Panther
  • Jungle Cat
  • Small Indian Civet
  • Palm Civet
  • Jackal
  • Sloth Bear
  • Common Giant Flying Squirrel
  • Gaur
  • Four-horned Antelope
  • Cheetal
  • Sambar
  • Nilgai
  • Wild Dog
  • Wild Pig
  • Rhesus Monkey
  • Black Naped Hare


Birds:

  • Serpent Eagle
  • Hawk Eagle
  • Grey-Headed Fish Eagle
  • White-Eyed Buzzard
  • Honey Buzzard
  • Barred Jungle Owlet
  • Malabar Pied Hornbill
  • Scarlet Minivet
  • Painted Francolin
  • Oriole
  • Barbets
  • Kingfisher


Reptiles:

  • Indian Cobra
  • Indian Rock Python
  • Rat Snake
  • Russel’s Viper
  • Checkered Keelback 
  • Common Monitor Lizard




Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park UPSC Questions

Q. Where is Jawaharlal Nehru National Park located?

A. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park is located in the Nagpur district of Maharashtra, India.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park

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