Friday, May 26, 2023

Simbalbara National Park

Simbalbara National Park UPSC

Simbalbara National Park is a protected area located in the Sirmour district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is also known as Col. Sher Jung National Park. The park is situated in the foothills of the Shivalik range, which adds to its scenic beauty.


The Simbalbara National Park covers an area of about 27.88 square kilometers and is known for its picturesque landscapes and diverse flora and fauna. The park is characterized by its lush green forests, meadows, and numerous perennial streams that flow through the area. 


Table of Contents

  • Simbalbara National Park Location
  • Simbalbara National Park History
  • Simbalbara National Park Area
  • Simbalbara National Park Hills
    • Shivalik Range
  • Simbalbara National Park River
  • Simbalbara National Park Flora
  • Simbalbara National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Simbalbara National Park
  • Simbalbara National Park UPSC Questions


Simbalbara National Park Location

Simbalbara National Park is located in the Paonta Valley of Sirmour district, Himachal Pradesh, India. It is situated near the Simbalbara village, which is approximately 25 kilometers from the town of Paonta Sahib. 


The Simbalbara National Park is nestled in the foothills of the Shivalik range, offering a scenic environment surrounded by forests, meadows, and streams.


Simbalbara National Park Nearest Airport:

Chandigarh is the nearest airport. It is 100 km from the park.


Simbalbara National Park Nearest Railway Station:

Nearest railway station is Ambala railway station, about 63 Km from the Simbalbara National park.




Simbalbara National Park History

Simbalbara National Park has a relatively brief history. Here are the key points:


Hunting Reserve: Previously, this area served as a hunting place for subsequent Maharajas of Sirmour. 


Wildlife Reserve: In 1958, it was first created as a wildlife reserve,


Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1974, it was designated as a wildlife sanctuary . 


National Park: In 2010, Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary was established as a National Park. It was primarily created to protect the habitat of the goral, a goat-like animal found in the region.




Simbalbara National Park Area

Simbalbara National Park covers an area of approximately 27.88 square kilometers (10.76 sq mi). 


In 1958, The protected area was created as the Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary with 19.03 km². 


In 2010, 8.88 km² were added to it and it was made into a National Park, covering an area of about 27.88 square kilometres.


Within its boundaries, the Simbalbara National Park features diverse landscapes, including forests, meadows, and streams, providing a habitat for a variety of wildlife species. The compact size of the park allows for concentrated conservation efforts and easier management of its natural resources.




Simbalbara National Park Hills

Simbalbara National Park is situated in the foothills of the Shivalik range in the Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh, India. The park is known for its hilly terrain, which adds to its scenic beauty and provides a natural habitat for a diverse range of flora and fauna. 


The Shivalik range is a sub-Himalayan mountain range, and the park's location in these hills contributes to its picturesque landscapes, including rolling hills, slopes, and valleys. Visitors to Simbalbara National Park can enjoy the beauty of the hilly surroundings while exploring the park's trails and experiencing the serenity of the region.


Shivalik Range:

  • The Shivalik Hills is also known as Churia Hills.
  • It is a mountain range of the outer Himalayas.
  • The Shivalik range is characterized by its relatively lower altitude compared to the higher Himalayas. 
  • It consists of a series of hills and foothills with gentle slopes, dissected by numerous rivers and streams.
  • It stretches over about 2,400 km (1,500 mi) from the Indus River eastwards close to the Brahmaputra River, spanning the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent. 
  • It is 10–50 km wide.
  • Its average elevation is 1,500–2,000 m (4,900–6,600 ft). 
  • Between the Teesta and Raidāk Rivers in Assam is a gap of about 90 km. 
  • The Shivalik range acts as a transitional zone between the Himalayas and the plains of northern India.




Simbalbara National Park River

Simbalbara National Park does not have a major river flowing through its boundaries. While it doesn't have a prominent river within the park itself, it benefits from the surrounding water sources and the overall water network in the region.


The Simbalbara National Park area is located in the foothills of the Shivalik range, which is influenced by the Yamuna River. The Yamuna River, one of the major rivers of northern India, flows in close proximity to the park, although it does not directly pass through it.


Additionally, the park is surrounded by smaller streams and rivulets that originate from the Shivalik hills and contribute to the overall ecosystem of the area. These streams enhance the natural beauty of the park, providing water for the flora and fauna that inhabit the region.




Simbalbara National Park Flora

Simbalbara National Park is indeed characterized by dense Sal (Shorea robusta) forests with grassy glades. Sal forests are a dominant feature of the park's vegetation. Sal trees are known for their tall stature, broad leaves, and dense canopy. They provide valuable timber and are an important component of tropical forest ecosystems.


The grassy glades within the Sal forests offer open spaces amidst the dense vegetation. These glades provide grazing areas for herbivores and serve as habitats for various ground-dwelling species. The presence of grassy patches adds to the biodiversity of the park and provides opportunities for wildlife viewing.


The combination of Sal forests and grassy glades creates a diverse and dynamic ecosystem within Simbalbara National Park. It supports a variety of flora and fauna, contributing to the overall biodiversity and natural beauty of the park.




Simbalbara National Park Fauna (Simbalbara National Park Animals)

Simbalbara National Park in the Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh, India, is home to a diverse range of fauna. The park's varied habitats, including forests, grasslands, and streams, support a rich wildlife population. 


Here are some of the notable animal species found in Simbalbara National Park:


Mammals:

  • Tiger 
  • Leopard
  • Goral
  • Sambhar
  • Chittal (Spotted Deer)
  • Himalayan Black Bear
  • Indian Muntjacs
  • Crested Porcupine
  • Wild Boar
  • Common Langur


Birds:

  • Himalayan Monal
  • Koklass Pheasant
  • Hill Partridge
  • Himalayan Woodpecker
  • Common Kestrel
  • White-throated Kingfisher
  • Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher


Reptiles:

  • Indian Rock Python
  • Common Cobra
  • Indian Monitor Lizard
  • Fan-throated Lizard 
  • Common Skink




Top Things to do in Simbalbara National Park

When visiting Simbalbara National Park, there are several activities and experiences that you can enjoy. 


Here are some of the top things to do in Simbalbara National Park:


  • Wildlife Spotting:
  • Nature Walks and Hiking
  • Photography
  • Picnicking
  • Birdwatching
  • Nature Photography
  • Relaxation and Meditation




Simbalbara National Park UPSC Questions

Q. Simbalbara National Park is famous for which animal?

A. Simbalbara National Park is famous for Tiger, Leopard, Goral etc. animlas.


Q. Where is Simbalbara National Park situated?

A. Simbalbara National Park is located in the Paonta Valley of Sirmour district, Himachal Pradesh, India.


Q. What is Simbalbara National Park famous for?

A. What is Simbalbara National Park famous for Goral.


Q. Which river flows through Simbalbara National Park?

A. The Yamuna River flows in close proximity to the park, although it does not directly pass through it.


Q. Which animal is famous in Simbalbara National Park?

A. Goral is famous in Simbalbara National Park.


Q. When was Simbalbara National Park established?

A. Simbalbara National Park was established in 2010.


Q. What is the another name of Simbalbara National Park?

A. Col. Sher Jung National Park is the another name of Simbalbara National Park.


Simbalbara National Park

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