Saturday, June 3, 2023

Intanki National Park

Intanki National Park UPSC

Intanki National Park, also known as Ntangki National Park, is a national park located in the state of Nagaland in northeastern India. The park is named after the Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary, which was merged with the proposed national park area to form Intanki National Park.


Intanki National Park is known for its rich biodiversity and is home to a variety of flora and fauna. It encompasses a wide range of ecosystems, including tropical evergreen forests, bamboo forests, and grasslands. The park is characterized by its hilly terrain, with several streams and rivers flowing through it.


Table of Contents

  • Intanki National Park Location
  • Intanki National Park History
  • Intanki National Park Area
  • Intanki National Park Hills
    • Barail Range
  • Intanki National Park River
    • Dhansiri River
    • Monglu River
    • Intanki River
    • Duilong River
  • Intanki National Park Flora
  • Intanki National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Intanki National Park
  • Intanki National Park UPSC Questions


Intanki National Park Location

Intanki National Park is located in the Peren district of Nagaland, India. The Peren district is located in the southern part of Nagaland, bordering the state of Manipur. Intanki National Park is specifically situated in the foothills of the Patkai range, which is part of the larger Eastern Himalayas. 


Intanki National Park is contiguous with Dhansiri Reserve Forest of Assam (Karbi Anglong) to the north. The Dhansiri River marks the boundary between these two areas. 


To reach Intanki National Park in the Peren district, one can travel to Dimapur, which is the major transportation hub in the region. From Dimapur, you can continue your journey to Peren district by road. 


Intanki National Park Nearest Airport:

  • Nearest airport Dimapur


Intanki National Park Nearest Railway Station:

  • Nearest railway Dimapur




Intanki National Park History

Intanki National Park has an interesting history that involves the merging of two wildlife conservation areas. Here is a brief overview:


Reserved Forest: In 1923, Intanki Reserved Forest was established by the British administrators.


Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1975, the Government of Nagaland declared the Intanki Reserved Forest as Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary to conserve the region's wildlife and their habitats.


Proposed National Park: In the early 1990s, there were discussions and proposals to upgrade the Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary to a national park. The idea was to provide enhanced protection and conservation for the area's biodiversity and ecosystems.


Formation of Intanki National Park: In 1993, the Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary and the proposed national park area were merged to form Intanki National Park. This consolidation aimed to create a larger and more comprehensive protected area for wildlife and natural resources.


Elephant Reserve: In 2005, the park was declared an elephant reserve by the government.




Intanki National Park Area

Intanki National Park covers an area of approximately 202 square kilometers (78 square miles). The park area encompasses a diverse range of ecosystems, including tropical evergreen forests, bamboo forests, and grasslands.


The park's topography is characterized by hilly terrain, with several streams and rivers flowing through it. The foothills of the Patkai range, which is part of the Eastern Himalayas, add to the scenic beauty of the park. The varied landscapes provide habitats for a wide array of flora and fauna.




Intanki National Park Hills

Intanki National Park is situated near the western periphery of the Barail Range. The Barail Range is a mountain range that runs through parts of northeastern India, including Nagaland. 




Intanki National Park River

Dhansiri River marks the boundary between the Intanki National Park and the surrounding areas. It plays a crucial role in the park's ecosystem, providing water sources for wildlife and supporting the overall biodiversity of the region.


The Dhansiri River, along with its tributaries, including the Monglu, Intanki, and Duilong rivers, contributes to the water resources and habitat diversity within the park. These rivers and streams are lifelines for various flora and fauna, and they add to the scenic beauty of the park.


The Dhansiri River is a significant river in the northeastern region of India, particularly in the states of Assam and Nagaland. It originates in the Golaghat district of Assam and flows through various districts before reaching the plains of Nagaland.




Intanki National Park Flora

Intanki National Park in Nagaland, India, is known for its rich and diverse flora. The park encompasses a variety of ecosystems, including tropical evergreen forests, bamboo forests, and grasslands, which support a wide range of plant species. 


Here are some examples of the flora found in Intanki National Park:


(1) Grasslands: 

The presence of large stretches of grasslands adds to the biodiversity and scenic beauty of the park. Grasslands support a variety of plant species adapted to open and sunlit environments, such as different types of grasses and herbaceous plants.


(2) Equatorial Forests:

Equatorial forests, also known as tropical rainforests, are characterized by dense vegetation with a multi-layered canopy. These forests typically have a high diversity of tree species, including those with broad leaves. The equatorial forests found in the National Park of Nagaland contribute to the overall biodiversity of the area.


(3) Deciduous Vegetation:

The scattered presence of deciduous vegetation indicates the presence of trees that shed their leaves seasonally. Deciduous trees found in the park may include species like oak (Quercus), maple (Acer), and chestnut (Castanea), among others.


(4) Semi-tropical Vegetation: 

The park's vegetation also includes semi-tropical plants, which are adapted to regions with a moderate climate and intermediate levels of precipitation. These plants can vary widely but may include various shrubs, climbers, and small trees.


(5) Orchids: 

Nagaland is known as the "Land of Orchids," and Intanki National Park is no exception. The park is home to a diverse array of orchid species, known for their beautiful and vibrant flowers. Orchids such as Dendrobium, Vanda, and Cymbidium can be found in the park.


(6) Bamboo: 

Bamboo is a notable plant species found in the National Park of Nagaland. It is a fast-growing plant known for its versatility and multiple uses, including construction, handicrafts, and as a food source for wildlife.




Intanki National Park Fauna (Intanki National Park Animals)

Intanki National Park in Nagaland, India, is home to a diverse range of wildlife species. The park's varied ecosystems, including grasslands, equatorial forests, and bamboo forests, provide habitats for numerous animals. 


Here are some examples of the fauna found in Intanki National Park:


Mammals:

  • Tiger 
  • Asian Elephant 
  • Leopard 
  • Wild Dog 
  • Asiatic Black Bear 
  • Clouded Leopard 
  • Golden Cat 
  • Marbled Cat 
  • Gaur 
  • Wild Boar 
  • Sambar 
  • Barking Deer 
  • Serow 
  • Assamese Macaque 
  • Rhesus Macaque 
  • Stump-tailed Macaque
  • Pig-tailed Macaque 
  • Capped Langur 
  • Hoolock Gibbon 
  • Slow Loris


Birds:

  • White winged Duck 
  • Rufous-necked Hornbill 
  • Oriental Pied Hornbill 
  • Brown Hornbill 
  • Great Pied Hornbill 
  • Grey Sibia 


Reptiles:

  • Asian Giant Tortoise
  • Monitor lizard
  • Python




Top Things to do in Intanki National Park

Intanki National Park offers visitors a range of activities and experiences to enjoy its natural beauty and biodiversity. Here are some top things to do in Intanki National Park:


  • Wildlife Spotting
  • Birdwatching
  • Nature Trails and Hiking
  • Picnicking and Relaxing
  • Photography
  • Cultural Interaction
  • Nature Conservation and Awareness




Intanki National Park UPSC Questions

Q. What is Intanki National Park famous for?

A. Intanki National Park is the only national park in Nagaland.


Q. Which river flows through Intanki National Park?

A. Dhansiri, Monglu, Intanki, and Duilong rivers flows through Intanki National Park.


Q. In which state is Ntanki National Park?

A. Intanki National Park is located in the Peren district of Nagaland, India.


Q. Which is the new national park in Nagaland?

A. Intanki National Park.

Intanki National Park

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