Sunday, August 20, 2023

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary, nestled in the Satpuda hills of Maharashtra, India, stands as a testament to nature's splendor and human endeavor. Established in 1997, this sanctuary covers an expanse of 127 square kilometers, providing a haven for a remarkable variety of flora and fauna.

Encompassed by tropical evergreen forests, the sanctuary's ecosystem is a blend of resplendent plant life and diverse animal species. Majestic trees like Lagerstroemia parviflora and Anogeissus latifolia grace the landscape, while creatures such as tigers, leopards, sloth bears, and wild dogs roam its terrain.

In the midst of this sanctuary lies the Mangri Mahadev Mountain, shrouded in mystique and adorned with a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple, perched atop the summit, serves as a beacon of spiritual connection amidst the lush green hills.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary not only captures the essence of India's wilderness but also embodies cultural significance and conservation efforts. Its harmonious coexistence of nature and spirituality, along with the commitment to safeguarding its biodiversity, make it a cherished gem within the fabric of Maharashtra's natural heritage.

Table of Contents

  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Hills
  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Satpuda hills of the Buldhana District in Maharashtra, India. It is a part of the Melghat Tiger Reserve. The sanctuary is located near the villages of Ambabarwa, Chunkhadi, and Rohinkhidki in the Sangrampur Taluka of Buldhana District. 

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

Nagpur Airport (Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport) - Nagpur is a major city in Maharashtra and is well-connected by air. The airport is the nearest major airport to the Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

Amravati Railway Station - Amravati is a city located in the same district as the sanctuary. The Amravati Railway Station is the closest railway station to the Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary is a relatively new addition to the region's conservation efforts. Here is a brief history of the sanctuary:

Establishment: Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary was established on 9th April 1997. It forms a part of the larger Melghat Tiger Reserve, which is renowned for its efforts in conserving the endangered tiger species.

Cultural and Spiritual Significance: The presence of a temple and cultural sites in the sanctuary can contribute to its historical and cultural significance for local communities.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 127 square kilometersThe sanctuary area include Reserved forest 102.10 sq. km, Protected forest 22.62 Sq. km.and remaining land is private cultivation and Abadi lands from ex-forest villages of Ambabarwa, Chunkhadi and Rohinkhidkiof Sangrampur Taluka of Buldhan District.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Hills

The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Satpuda hills of the Buldhana District in Maharashtra, India. The Satpuda hills are a range of hills that stretch across central India, covering parts of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh. 

In the sanctuary, at the place of Mangeri, on the left side, there is a high and remote mountain. This is called the mountain of Mangri Mahadev. These hills are known for their biodiversity and are home to various wildlife species, making them important conservation areas.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary's lush landscape is adorned with a diverse array of flora that creates a vibrant tapestry of life. The sanctuary, nestled in the Satpuda hills of the Buldhana District in Maharashtra, India, hosts a range of plant species that contribute to the sanctuary's unique ecosystem.  

The sanctuary is embraced by tropical evergreen forests, creating a rich and dense canopy that shelters a myriad of plant life underneath.

Here's a glimpse into the flora that graces this sanctuary:

Lagerstroemia parviflora: These trees, known as the crape myrtle, add bursts of color with their delicate flowers.

Lannea coromandelica: Also called the Indian ash tree, it contributes to the diversity of the forest.

Emblica officinalis (Amla): This indigenous tree yields the valuable amla or Indian gooseberry, known for its nutritional and medicinal benefits.

Terminalia tomentosa: Commonly known as the asna tree, it's a prominent species in the region's forests.

Anogeissus latifolia: The dhawada tree, with its spreading canopy, offers shade and sanctuary for various wildlife.

Ougeinia oojeinensis (Teak): Teak is a hallmark of Indian forests, valued for its sturdy timber.

Boswellia serrata: Also known as Indian frankincense, it adds its unique contribution to the forest's biodiversity.

Wrightia tinctoria: This plant, also called sweet indrajao, lends its presence to the ecosystem.

Cassia fistula: The golden shower tree, adorned with its cascading yellow blossoms, adds a touch of elegance.

Miliusa tomentosa: This flowering tree contributes its beauty to the sanctuary's landscape.

Bauhinia racemosa: Known as the yellow bauhinia, its distinctive blossoms grace the scenery.

Butea monosperma (Flame of the Forest): With its vibrant red-orange blossoms, it's a striking presence amidst the greenery.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary is a haven for diverse wildlife, sheltering an impressive array of animals that call this sanctuary in the Satpuda hills of the Buldhana District, Maharashtra, India, their home. Here's a glimpse into the captivating fauna that thrives within this sanctuary:


  • Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Sloth Bear
  • Dhole
  • Jackal
  • Sambar
  • Gaur
  • Barking Deer
  • Bluebull
  • Spotted Deer
  • Chausingha
  • Ratel
  • Flying Squirrel
  • Wild Boar
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Porcupine
  • Pangolin
  • Mouse Deer
  • Black-naped Hare


  • Indian Vulture
  • Forest Owlet
  • Green Avadavat


  • Python

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Which district is Ambabarwa Wildlife Sanctuary in?

A. The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Buldhana District of Maharashtra, India. It's nestled within the Satpuda hills in this district, offering a haven for diverse flora and fauna in this picturesque landscape.

Q. What is Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. The Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for several distinctive features that contribute to its allure and significance. Here are some of the notable aspects for which the sanctuary is known:

(i) Diverse Flora and Fauna: The sanctuary boasts a rich variety of plant species and a diverse array of wildlife, including iconic species like tigers, leopards, sloth bears, and various species of deer. This biodiversity makes it a haven for nature enthusiasts, researchers, and wildlife photographers.

(ii) Mangri Mahadev Mountain: The sanctuary features the prominent Mangri Mahadev Mountain, which holds cultural and religious importance. The mountain is associated with a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, perched on its summit. The journey to this temple offers both spiritual and adventurous experiences.

(iii) Melghat Tiger Reserve: Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary is part of the larger Melghat Tiger Reserve. This reserve is known for its efforts in tiger conservation and forms an essential habitat for these majestic big cats.

(iv) Satpuda Hills: The sanctuary is located within the picturesque Satpuda hills, adding to its scenic beauty. These hills are characterized by their rugged terrain, lush greenery, and diverse ecosystems.

(v) Cultural and Spiritual Significance: Apart from its natural attributes, the sanctuary's temple and cultural heritage add to its appeal. The Mangri Mahadev Temple is a focal point of devotion and pilgrimage for visitors seeking both a natural and spiritual connection.

Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary

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