Tuesday, August 15, 2023

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary loacted in the state of Haryana, India. The sanctuary is named after the Nahar Village (Nahad village). It was officially notified as a Wildlife Sanctuary by the Forests Department of the Government of Haryana on 30 January 1987.

The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is significant for its role in conserving the Black Buck and other endangered species. It is also notable for its efforts in wildlife protection and education, including the construction of a protection center and the release of rescued animals back into the sanctuary.

The sanctuary's location near Rewari and its proximity to Delhi make it accessible by train, with the nearest railway station being Tehsil Kosli, about 6 km away from the sanctuary.

Table of Contents

  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Rewari district of Haryana, India. It is situated in the Kosli Subdivision and is about 5 kilometers away from Kosli on the Kosli-Mahendragarh road. 

The sanctuary is approximately 36.9 kilometers from Rewari and around 100 kilometers from Delhi via Jhajjar. 

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is the Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL) in Delhi, which is approximately 100 kilometers away. From the airport, you can travel by road to reach the sanctuary.

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

As for the nearest railway station, it is Tehsil Kosli Railway Station, which is about 6 kilometers away from Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary. This railway station provides a convenient option for those traveling by train to reach the sanctuary.

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary History

The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary, located in the Rewari district of Haryana, India, has a history that reflects its transformation from a pastured land to a protected habitat for wildlife. Here's an overview of its history:

Origin as Pasture Land: The sanctuary's history dates back to a time when it was used as pasture land for the Nawab of Dujana. This area served as grazing grounds for animals and likely had limited human interference, contributing to its suitability as a wildlife habitat.

Reserve Forest Management: Before its designation as a wildlife sanctuary, the area was managed as a Reserve Forest. This suggests that there were efforts to protect and manage the natural vegetation and wildlife within the region even before it gained formal recognition as a sanctuary.

Declaration as Wildlife Sanctuary: The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary was officially declared a Wildlife Sanctuary by the Forests Department of the Government of Haryana on 30 January 1987. This formal designation granted legal protection to the area and its biodiversity, prohibiting certain human activities that could harm the flora and fauna.

Infrastructure Development: The construction of a protection center within the sanctuary in the year 2012-13 indicates a commitment to providing facilities for the protection, care, and rehabilitation of wildlife. The establishment of such facilities demonstrates ongoing efforts to enhance the sanctuary's capabilities for wildlife conservation.

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 211.35 hectares, which is equivalent to about 522 acres (2.1 km2). This area serves as a protected habitat for various wildlife species, including the endangered Black Buck and other fauna.

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary have a variety of flora that contribute to its ecosystem and provide habitat for wildlife. Here's a general overview of the types of flora that might be found in this sanctuary:

(1) Grasslands and Savannas:

Given the sanctuary's history as a pasture land, it's likely to have a mix of grasslands and savannas. These areas support a variety of grass species, which are important for herbivores like the Black Buck.

(2) Shrubs and Undergrowth:

The sanctuary contain shrubs and undergrowth that provide cover and food for various animals. These include species like acacia, Prosopis juliflora (mesquite), and other thorny bushes.

(3) Trees and Woodlands:

While the sanctuary not have dense forests, it feature scattered trees and small woodlands. Species like neem (Azadirachta indica), ber (Ziziphus mauritiana), dhak (Butea monosperma), and others might be present.

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

Which animals are found in Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary?

The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of fauna, including various species of animals and birds. Here's a general overview of the types of fauna that can be found in the sanctuary:


  • Black Buck
  • Indian Gazelle (Chinkara)
  • Nilgai
  • Indian Hare
  • Indian Gray Mongoose
  • Indian Fox
  • Indian Porcupine
  • Jackal 
  • Jungle Cat


  • Indian Grey Hornbill
  • Rufous Treepie
  • Blue Peafowl (Peacock)
  • Indian Roller
  • Common Myna
  • Pied Kingfisher
  • Indian Pond Heron


  • Indian Rock Python
  • Indian Cobra
  • Common Rat Snake
  • Monitor Lizard 
  • Common Indian Skink

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in which district of Haryana?/Where is the Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary situated?

A. The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Rewari district of Haryana, India. It is located in the Kosli Subdivision of the Rewari district. 

Q. Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for?

A. The Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its role in conserving and protecting the Black Buck (Antilope cervicapra), an endangered antelope species native to the Indian subcontinent. The sanctuary provides a natural habitat for Black Bucks and contributes to their preservation. 

Additionally, the sanctuary is likely to support a variety of other wildlife species, both flora and fauna, and plays a crucial role in biodiversity conservation in the region. It also offers opportunities for nature education and awareness, making it an important resource for promoting environmental understanding and conservation efforts.

Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary

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