Sunday, May 28, 2023

Mouling National Park

Mouling National Park UPSC

Mouling National Park is indeed located in the  Arunachal Pradesh, India. It is one of the protected areas in the state and is known for its rich biodiversity and scenic beauty.


The Mouling Mational Park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. It encompasses various forest types, including sub-tropical broadleaf, temperate broadleaf, and sub-alpine coniferous forests. 


The wildlife in the park includes species like the clouded leopard, takin, red panda, capped langur, macaque, and several bird species.


Table of Contents

  • Mouling National Park Location
  • Mouling National Park History
  • Mouling National Park Area
  • Mouling National Park Hills
    • Adi Hills
    • Mount Mouling
  • Mouling National Park River
    • Siang River
  • Mouling Mational Park Waterfall
    • Dabung Waterfall
    • Nirbung Waterfall
  • Mouling National Park Tribe
    • Adi Tribe
  • Mouling National Park Flora
    • Broadleaf Trees
    • Coniferous Trees
    • Medicinal Plants
    • Orchids
    • Bamboo
    • Ferns and Mosses
  • Mouling National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles and Amphibians
    • Insects and Butterflies
    • Fish and Aquatic Life
  • Top Things to do in Mouling National Park
  • Mouling National Park UPSC Questions


Mouling National Park Location

Mouling National Park is located in the Adi Hills of the Eastern Himalayas, adjacent to the Siang River valley in the Upper Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. It is located in the right bank of river Siang river.


The Mouling National Park is the part of the Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve. It is surrounded by the natural beauty of the Himalayan region, offering stunning landscapes and diverse flora and fauna.


Mouling National Park Nearest Airport:

  • Pasighat Airport


Mouling National Park Nearest Railway Station:

  • Murkongselek Railway Station




Mouling National Park History

Mouling National Park has a relatively recent history as it was established as a protected area in the year 1982. Here is a brief overview of the park's history:


Recognition of Importance: The need to protect the unique biodiversity and natural resources of the Adi Hills region led to the recognition of Mouling as a significant area. The park was named after Mount Mouling, which is considered sacred by the local Adi tribe.


Declaration as a National Park: In 1982, the Government of Arunachal Pradesh declared the area as a wildlife sanctuary and later upgraded it to the status of a national park. The primary objective was to preserve the ecological balance and conserve the diverse range of flora and fauna found in the region.


Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve: The Mouling Mational Park is forming the western part of the Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve. Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve was designated in 1998.


Mouling Mational Park was the second national park to be established in Arunachal Pradesh, after Namdapha National Park. 




Mouling National Park Area

Mouling National Park covers a significant area. The park spans an approximate area of 483 square kilometers (186 square miles). Within this area, the park encompasses diverse landscapes, including sub-tropical broadleaf forests, temperate broadleaf forests, and sub-alpine coniferous forests. 


The terrain is rugged with an altitudinal range of 750 to 3064 m at the highest point, the Mouling Peak. 


Mouling Mational Park forms western part of the Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve. 




Mouling National Park Hills

(1) Adi Hills:

Mouling National Park is situated in the Adi Hills of the Eastern Himalayas. The Adi Hills form a part of the Eastern Himalayan range and are characterized by their hilly terrain and lush vegetation.


(2) Mount Mouling:

The Mouling National Park is named after Mount Mouling, which is considered sacred by the local Adi tribe. Mount Mouling located within park boundries.




Mouling National Park River

Mouling National Park is located adjacent to the Siang River valley in the Upper Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The park is located on the right bank of river Siang.


Siang River:

The Siang River, also known as the Tsangpo River in Tibet, is a major tributary of the Brahmaputra River. It originates from the Mansarovar Lake in Tibet and flows through the eastern Himalayas, passing through Arunachal Pradesh before joining the Brahmaputra in Assam.


The Siang River is renowned for its scenic beauty and is an important watercourse in the region. It adds to the natural beauty of Mouling National Park, providing a water source for the diverse flora and fauna found in the park. The river valley also offers opportunities for activities such as boating, angling, and enjoying the riverside landscapes.


The Siang River flows along the western fringes of the park and several small rivers such as the Siring, Krobong, Semong and Subong drain into the Siang river near the eastern boundary of the park.




Mouling Mational Park Waterfall

Inside the Mouling National Park, there are many attractive waterfalls. Dabung Waterfall and Nirbung Waterfall are two of them. 


  • Dabung Waterfall
  • Nirbung Waterfall




Mouling National Park Tribe

Adi Tribe:

Mouling National Park is located in the Upper Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh and surrounded by the Adi Hills, which are inhabited by the Adi tribe. The Adi people are one of the major indigenous communities in Arunachal Pradesh and have a rich cultural heritage.


The Adi tribe is known for its distinct traditions, customs, and language. They have a close association with the natural resources and environment of the region. The Adi people have traditionally practiced agriculture, fishing, and hunting, and they have a deep understanding of the local ecosystems.




Mouling National Park Flora

Mouling National Park is known for its rich and diverse flora. The park is located in the Eastern Himalayas, which is one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. 


Here are some of the key flora species found in Mouling National Park:


(1) Broadleaf Trees: 

The Mouling Mational Park is home to various broadleaf tree species, including oak, magnolia, maple, rhododendron, and chestnut. These trees contribute to the lush and vibrant forest ecosystems within the park.


(2) Coniferous Trees: 

In the higher elevations of the Mouling Mational Park, coniferous trees such as spruce, fir, and pine are found. These evergreen trees provide habitat for various bird species and add to the park's scenic beauty.


(3) Medicinal Plants: 

Mouling National Park is known for its rich assortment of medicinal plants. Many traditional communities, including the local Adi tribe, have been using these plants for their therapeutic properties. Some examples include Taxus baccata, Aconitum spicatum, and Picrorhiza kurroa.


(4) Orchids: 

The Mouling Mational Park is also home to a wide variety of orchid species. Orchids are highly valued for their beauty and are found in abundance throughout the park. These delicate flowers add color and charm to the park's vegetation.


(5) Bamboo: 

Bamboo is another important component of the flora in Mouling National Park. It is a fast-growing plant that forms dense thickets and provides food and habitat for various animals.


(6) Ferns and Mosses: 

The Mouling Mational Park's moist and shaded environments support the growth of numerous fern and moss species. These plants thrive in the cool and damp conditions, adding to the park's biodiversity.




Mouling National Park Fauna (Mouling National Park Animals)

Mouling National Park is known for its diverse and unique fauna, thanks to its location in the Eastern Himalayas. 


Here are some notable examples of the fauna found within the park:


Mammals:

  • Clouded Leopard
  • Red Panda
  • Hoolock Gibbons
  • Wild Buffalo
  • Leopard
  • Elephant
  • Hog Deer
  • Barking Deer
  • Takin
  • Golden Languor
  • Serrow
  • Assamese Macaque 
  • Capped Langur 
  • Leopard Cat 
  • Small Indian Civet 
  • Himalayan Palm Civet 
  • Spotted Linsang 
  • Indian Wild Dog 
  • Asiatic Black Bear 


Birds:

  • White-winged Wood Duck
  • Chestnut-breasted Hill Partridge
  • Greater Spotted Eagle
  • Common Hill-Partridge 
  • Rufous-throated Hill-Partridge 
  • White-cheeked Hill-Partridge 
  • Long-tailed Thrush 
  • Grey-cheeked Flycatcher-Warbler 
  • White-spectacled Flycatcher-Warbler 
  • Rufous-faced Flycatcher-Warbler 
  • Black-faced Flycatcher-Warbler 
  • Maroon-backed Accentor 
  • Black-backed Forktail 
  • Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush 
  • Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush
  • Rufous-necked Laughingthrush 
  • Sultan Tit 
  • Monal Scalater


Reptiles and Amphibians: 

The Mouling Mational Park is home to several reptile and amphibian species. This includes various snake species such as the king cobra and pit vipers, as well as lizards, turtles, and frogs. The diverse forest and aquatic habitats of the park provide suitable environments for these creatures.


Insects and Butterflies: 

The Mouling Mational Park's rich biodiversity extends to insects and butterflies. Numerous species of butterflies, beetles, moths, and other insects can be found within the park, adding to its ecological diversity.


Fish and Aquatic Life: 

The Siang River, which runs adjacent to Mouling National Park, supports a diverse range of fish and other aquatic species. Mahseer, catfish, and various local fish species are found in the river and its tributaries.




Top Things to do in Mouling National Park

When visiting Mouling National Park, there are several activities and experiences that you can enjoy. Here are some of the top things to do in Mouling National Park:


  • Wildlife Spotting
  • Trekking and Hiking
  • Village Visits
  • Photography and Nature Observation
  • Picnicking and Relaxation
  • Explore Local Cuisine
  • Nature Education and Conservation




Mouling National Park UPSC Questions

Q. What is Mouling National Park known for?

A. Mouling National Park is known for several notable features and characteristics:


Biodiversity Hotspot: The park is located in the Eastern Himalayas, which is recognized as one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. 


Rich Flora: Mouling National Park is known for its diverse flora, including broadleaf trees, coniferous trees, medicinal plants, orchids, bamboo, ferns, and mosses.


Unique Wildlife: The park is inhabited by various mammal species, such as the clouded leopard, takin, red panda, Himalayan black bear, and numerous bird species like the white-winged wood duck and great hornbill. 


Cultural Significance: Mouling National Park is surrounded by the Adi Hills, and the park's name itself is derived from Mount Mouling, which holds cultural and religious significance for the local Adi tribe. The park provides an opportunity to learn about the indigenous culture and traditions of the Adi people.



Q. Where is Mouling National Park situated in which state?

A. Mouling National Park is located in the Upper Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. 

Mouling Mational Park

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