Monday, June 5, 2023

Rajiv Gandhi National Park

Rajiv Gandhi National Park UPSC (Rameswaram National Park)

Rajiv Gandhi National Park of Andhra Pradesh is also known as Rameswaram National Park. There are two Rajiv Gandhi National Park in India. One is in Karnataka, which is officially known as Nagarhole National Park. The second one is in Andhra Pradesh, which is known as Rameswaram National Park.


Table of Contents

  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park Location
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park History
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park Area
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park River
    • Penna River
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park Flora
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park UPSC Questions


Rajiv Gandhi National Park Location

Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram National Park) is a national park located in Rameswaram of Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh, India. The park lies on the north bank of the Penna River.


It is located in the central plains of extensions hill ranges of Veligondas, Palakondas, Lankamallais, and Yerramalais.


Rajiv Gandhi National Park Nearest Airport:

  • Kadapa Airport


Rajiv Gandhi National Park Nearest Railway Station:

  • Kadapa Railway Station




Rajiv Gandhi National Park History

19 November 2005: The park was established as Rameshvaram National Park.


26 December 2005: The park name was changed to Rajiv Gandhi National Park.




Rajiv Gandhi National Park Area

Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram National Park) cover an area about 2.4 square kilometers.




Rajiv Gandhi National Park River

Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram National Park) situated on the north bank of the Penna River.


Penna River:

The Penna River, also known as the Penner River, is a major river in southern India. It flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, and finally empties into the Bay of Bengal. The river has a length of approximately 597 kilometers (371 miles).


Originating in the Nandi Hills of Karnataka, the Penna River initially flows eastward through the Deccan Plateau before turning south near the town of Bagepalli. It then forms the boundary between Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh for a stretch before entirely entering Andhra Pradesh. The river passes through the cities of Anantapur, Kadapa, and Nellore before joining the Bay of Bengal near the city of Nellore.




Rajiv Gandhi National Park Flora

The Rajiv Gandhi National Park, formerly known as the Rameswaram National Park, is a renowned wildlife reserve known for its rich biodiversity. While the park is primarily recognized for its fauna, it also supports a diverse range of flora, including several tree species. 


Although the exact list of tree species found in the park may vary, here are some notable examples:


(1) Dalbergia sissoo: Also known as Indian rosewood or sissoo, this tree species is native to the Indian subcontinent. It is valued for its timber, which is durable and used in furniture making and construction.


(2) Eucalyptus: Eucalyptus trees are not native to India but have been introduced to various parts of the country, including some forest areas. These fast-growing trees are known for their aromatic leaves and have commercial importance for their timber and essential oils.


(3) Grewia villosa: Grewia villosa, commonly known as velvet leaved grewia, is a deciduous tree native to India. It bears yellow flowers and produces edible fruits. It is also used for its medicinal properties.


(4) Gymnema sylvestre: Gymnema sylvestre, also known as the miracle fruit or gurmar, is a woody climbing shrub found in the park. It is known for its medicinal properties, particularly its leaves, which are used to treat diabetes and other health conditions.




Rajiv Gandhi National Park Fauna (Rajiv Gandhi National Park Animals)

Which animals are protected In Rajiv Gandhi National Park?

The Rajiv Gandhi National Park is a well-known wildlife reserve. It is home to a rich variety of fauna, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and more. Here are some notable species found in the park:


Mammals:

  • Spotted Deer
  • Common Mongoose
  • Black Napped Hare


Birds:

  • Little Egrets
  • Parakeets
  • Peacocks


Reptiles:

  • Russell's Earth Boa
  • Russell's Viper
  • Common Skink




Rajiv Gandhi National Park UPSC Questions

Q. Which national park is known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park?

A. There are two Rajiv Gandhi National Park in India. One is in Karnataka, which is officially known as Nagarhole National Park. The second one is in Andhra Pradesh, which is Rameswaram National Park.


Q. What is the new name of Rajiv Gandhi National Park in AP?

A. Rameswaram National Park.


Q. Where is Rajiv Gandhi National Park?/Rajiv Gandhi National Park in which district?/Rajiv Gandhi National Park situated in which state?

A. Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram National Park) is a national park located in Rameswaram of Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Rajiv Gandhi National Park

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