Monday, June 5, 2023

Papikonda National Park

Papikonda National Park UPSC

Papikonda National Park is a protected area located in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in the Papi Hills of Eastern Ghats. The national park was established in 2008 and covers an area of approximately 1,012 square kilometers (391 square miles). It is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area.


Table of Contents

  • Papikonda National Park Location
  • Papikonda National Park History
  • Papikonda National Park Area
  • Papikonda National Park Hills
    • Papi Hills
  • Papikonda National Park River
    • Godavari River
  • Papikonda National Park Flora
    • Moist Deciduous Forests
    • Dry Deciduous Forests
    • Bamboo Forests
    • Riparian Vegetation
    • Medicinal Plants
  • Papikonda National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Papikonda National Park
  • Papikonda National Park UPSC Questions


Papikonda National Park Location

Papikonda National Park is located in the in the Papi Hills of the Alluri Sitharama Raju and Eluru districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. It lies in the Eastern Ghats mountain range.


The park lies on the left and right banks of the river Godavari.


Papikonda National Park Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport is Visakhapatnam, about 100 km away from Papikondalu National Park


Papikonda National Park Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest station is Rajahmundry, 4.5 km away from Papikondalu National Park.




Papikonda National Park History

Ramayana Era: The Papikonda National Park has mythological significance as it was once the kingdom of the apes during the holy Ramayana era. The area was known as Kishkinda, and its inhabitants helped Lord Rama bring back Sita from Lanka.


Reserved Forest: In 1882, the area was declared a reserved forest.


Declared a Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1978, the Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary was declared. This designation aimed to protect the diverse flora and fauna found in the region.

 

Upgradation to National Park: In 2008, after years of conservation efforts and recognition of its ecological value, Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary was upgraded to a national park. 


Conservation Initiatives: Over the years, various conservation initiatives have been undertaken within Papikonda National Park. These include measures to protect wildlife, prevent poaching, promote sustainable tourism, and raise awareness about the importance of biodiversity conservation.




Papikonda National Park Area

Papikonda National Park covers an approximate area of 1,012 square kilometers (391 square miles). The park area encompasses diverse landscapes, including hilly terrains, valleys, and several streams and rivers that flow through the region. 


It is characterized by different types of forests, such as moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests, and bamboo forests, which contribute to its rich biodiversity.




Papikonda National Park Hills

Papikonda National Park is located in the Papi Hills of Eastern Ghats. 


Papi Hills:

Papi Hills, also known as Papi Kondalu or Papi Koondalu, is a scenic hill range located in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India. These hills are part of the Papikonda Hill Range and are situated along the Godavari River.




Papikonda National Park River

The Godavari River flows through the Papikonda National Park. The park lies on the left and right banks of the river Godavari.


The Godavari River is one of the longest rivers in India and plays a vital role in the region's ecology and livelihoods. It originates in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra and flows through several states before draining into the Bay of Bengal in Andhra Pradesh.


As it passes through Papikonda National Park, the Godavari River enhances the park's scenic beauty and supports a diverse ecosystem. The river creates a dynamic environment, providing water for the flora and fauna in the park. It also contributes to the formation of valleys and gorges, adding to the unique topography of the region.


The Godavari River is also an essential water source for nearby communities and sustains the agricultural activities in the surrounding areas. Additionally, the river offers opportunities for boating and river cruises, allowing visitors to experience the natural beauty of Papikonda National Park from a different perspective.


The presence of the Godavari River within Papikonda National Park adds to the overall charm and ecological significance of the park, providing a lifeline for the flora, fauna, and local communities in the region.




Papikonda National Park Flora

Papikonda National Park is known for its rich and diverse flora. The park encompasses various forest types, each with its own unique vegetation. 


Here are some of the prominent flora found in Papikonda National Park:


(1) Moist Deciduous Forests:

These forests are dominated by trees that shed their leaves during the dry season. They typically include species such as teak, rosewood, terminalia, and bamboo. These forests thrive in areas with moderate rainfall.


(2) Dry Deciduous Forests: 

These forests occur in areas with relatively lower rainfall. They are characterized by species like sal, mahua, tendu, axlewood, and bhirra. The vegetation in these forests is adapted to withstand seasonal variations in precipitation.


(3) Bamboo Forests:

Bamboo is a prominent plant species in the Papikonda National Park. It forms dense stands and contributes to the unique beauty of the landscape. Bamboo is an important resource for local communities and plays a crucial role in providing habitat for various wildlife species.


(4) Riparian Vegetation:

The Papikonda National Park is blessed with the presence of the Godavari River and its tributaries, which support a range of riparian vegetation. Along the riverbanks, you can find species such as figs, eucalyptus, casuarina, and various types of grasses and shrubs.


(5) Medicinal Plants:

Papikonda National Park is also home to numerous medicinal plants. Traditional knowledge of these plants and their healing properties is often shared and preserved by the local tribal communities. Some examples include neem, amla, tulsi, and turmeric.




Papikonda National Park Fauna (Papikonda National Park Animals)

Papikonda National Park is home to a diverse range of fauna, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The park's varied habitats, such as forests, hills, and rivers, support a rich ecosystem and provide shelter for numerous species. 


Here are some of the notable fauna found in Papikonda National Park:


Mammals:

  • Bengal Tigers
  • Indian leopards
  • Rusty-spotted Cats
  • Sloth Bears
  • Spotted Deer
  • Sambar Deer
  • Indian Muntjac
  • Four-horned Antelope
  • Rhesus Macaques
  • Bonnet Macaques
  • Gray Langurs
  • Small Indian Civet
  • Asian Palm Civet
  • Wild boar
  • Honey Badger
  • Indian Spotted Chevrotain
  • Gaur
  • Nilgai


Birds:

  • Black-bellied Tern
  • Pale-capped Pigeon
  • Oriental Darter
  • Red Jungle Fowl
  • Yellow-throated Bulbul
  • Pallid Harrier
  • Great Thick-knee
  • River Lapwing
  • River Tern
  • Malabar Pied Hornbill
  • Alexandrine Parakeet


Reptiles:

  • Indian Golden Gecko
  • King Cobras 
  • Indian Python
  • Indian Cobra
  • Monitor Lizard
  • Chamaelon
  • Fresh Water Crocodile




Top Things to do in Papikonda National Park

When visiting Papikonda National Park, there are several activities and experiences you can enjoy. Here are some of the top things to do in Papikonda National Park:


  • Wildlife Safari
  • Boat Ride on Godavari River
  • Trekking and Hiking
  • Birdwatching
  • Interact with Tribal Communities
  • Photography and Nature Appreciation
  • Relaxation and Picnicking




Papikonda National Park UPSC Questions

Q. What is Papikonda National Park known for?

A. Papikonda National Park is known for its rich biodiversity, scenic landscapes, and cultural significance.


Q. Which district is Papikonda National Park in?

A. Papikonda National Park is located in Alluri Sitharama Raju and Eluru districts of Andhra Pradesh, India.


Q. Is Papikonda National Park in Cauvery basin?

A. No, Papikonda National Park is not located in the Cauvery basin. It is situated in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India, and falls within the Godavari River basin.


Q. Where is Papikonda National Park?/Which state is Papikonda National Park called?/Papikonda National Park in which state?/Papikonda National Park in which district?

A. Papikonda National Park is located in the in the Papi Hills of the Alluri Sitharama Raju and Eluru districts of Andhra Pradesh, India.


Q. Papikonda National Park is famous for which animal?

A. Papikonda National Park is famous for its population of Bengal tigers. 


Q. Papikonda National Park on which river?/Papikonda National Park located in which river?/Which river Godavari flows through the Papikonda National Park?

A. Papikonda National Park is located on the banks of the Godavari River.

Papikonda National Park

No comments:

Post a Comment