Wednesday, August 16, 2023

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in state of Rajasthan, India. The sanctuary was officially designated by the Rajasthan Government in 1955. 

The most distinctive feature of Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is the Ramsagar Lake, which envelops the sanctuary from all sides. This lake sustains a rich aquatic life, including freshwater crocodiles, various fish species, and snakes.

The sanctuary also attracts a diverse range of bird species, especially migratory birds. Among the bird species that can be spotted in Ramsagar are waterfowls such as cormorants, white-breasted water hens, marsh hens, jacanas, ringed plovers, sandpipers, green herons, and purple herons.

Nature enthusiasts, photographers, and wildlife lovers are drawn to Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary to appreciate its remarkable biodiversity and scenic beauty.

Table of Contents

  • Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Lake
  • Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Dholpur district of Rajasthan, India. It is in close proximity to the popular Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary is characterized by the Ramsagar Lake which surrounds it on all four sides.

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is Agra Airport. Distance to Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is approximately 50 kilometers.

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is Dholpur Junction Railway Station. 

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary History

Establishment: On November 7th, 1955, Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary was officially established in the Dholpur district of Rajasthan, India. This marked a significant milestone in the region's conservation efforts and the preservation of its unique biodiversity. The sanctuary's establishment was a result of the Rajasthan Government's recognition of the ecological importance and diverse wildlife present in the area.

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 34.4 square kilometers (13.3 square miles). This sanctuary is surrounded by the Ramsagar Lake and is home to diverse flora and fauna, making it a significant conservation area in the region. 

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Lake

The Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is notable for its Ramsagar Lake, which is a prominent feature of the sanctuary. The lake encompasses a significant portion of the sanctuary's landscape and plays a crucial role in shaping its ecosystem and attracting various forms of wildlife.

Ramsagar Lake serves as a habitat for a diverse range of aquatic life, including fish, reptiles, and birds. It provides water and sustenance to the surrounding flora and fauna, contributing to the overall biodiversity of the sanctuary. The presence of water also attracts migratory birds, making it an important site for birdwatching and conservation.

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

The Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse range of flora that contributes to the richness of its ecosystem. The flora found in the sanctuary includes various plant species that have adapted to the dry deciduous thorny forest and other ecological niches within the area. 

  • Dhok
  • Salar
  • Juliflora
  • Kadaya
  • Dhak
  • Gol
  • Ber
  • Khair
  • Bargad
  • Arjun
  • Gugal
  • Bogambilya
  • Adulsa
  • Dhok
  • Danda
  • Thor
  • Kakera
  • Kheep
  • Khejari
  • Neem
  • Babul
  • Tendu
  • Bamboo

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

The Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary in Dholpur, Rajasthan, India, is home to a rich diversity of fauna, ranging from various mammals to birds and reptiles. Here are some of the notable species of fauna that you might find in Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary:


  • Sambar
  • Bluebull
  • Spotted Deer
  • Leopard
  • Indian Hare
  • Jungle Cat
  • Indian Fox


  • White-breasted Water Hen
  • Ringed Plover
  • Purple Heron
  • Pintail
  • Shoveller
  • Red-crested Pochard
  • Common Pochard
  • Tufted Duck,
  • Common Teal
  • Garganey Teal
  • Wigeon
  • Gadwall


  • Various Snake Species

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. Which district is Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary in?

A. The Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Dholpur district of Rajasthan, India. It is situated within the geographical boundaries of Dholpur district and contributes to the conservation and protection of the region's biodiversity. 

Q. What is Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for several distinct features and attributes that contribute to its recognition and significance:

(i) Ramsagar Lake: The sanctuary is named after the Ramsagar Lake, a prominent and picturesque water body that surrounds the sanctuary on all sides. The lake serves as a critical water source and habitat for various aquatic species, making it a focal point for both wildlife and visitors.

(ii) Migratory Birds: Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary is known for being a haven for migratory birds. The Ramsagar Lake attracts a variety of waterfowl and migratory bird species, making it a popular destination for birdwatching and ornithological studies.

(iii) Diverse Fauna: The sanctuary supports a diverse range of wildlife, including mammals such as Sambar deer, Bluebull (Nilgai), Spotted Deer, and even Leopards. This diversity of fauna contributes to the ecological health and balance of the sanctuary.

(iv) Flora and Vegetation: Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary features a unique combination of dry deciduous thorny forests and other vegetation types, which provide habitats for a variety of plant species. The sanctuary's flora contributes to its overall biodiversity and ecological value.

(v) Conservation Efforts: The sanctuary is renowned for its role in conserving and protecting the region's flora and fauna. It provides a safe and protected area for various species to thrive, contributing to broader conservation efforts and maintaining the natural balance of the ecosystem.

Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary

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