Wednesday, August 16, 2023

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is situated on the Aravalli Range. The Sanctuary lies around the Sajjangarh Fort.

The sanctuary is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including various species of animals and birds. It was established to protect and conserve the local wildlife and provide a natural habitat for different species.

The sanctuary is also popular among tourists for its beautiful landscapes, hiking trails, and panoramic views of the surrounding area. It is especially known for offering stunning views of Udaipur city, including the famous Lake Pichola and the City Palace.

Table of Contents

  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Hills
  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Lake
  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Location

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Udaipur District of Rajasthan in the southern Aravalli Hills. It is located entirely within Girwa Tehsil of Udaipur district. 

The Sanctuary lies around the Sajjangarh Fort, built by the erstwhile Maharana Sajjan Singh of Mewar in 1874 on Bansdara Hill. 

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is the Maharana Pratap Airport, also known as Udaipur Airport. It is located in Dabok, Udaipur, and is approximately 30-40 minutes' drive from the sanctuary.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is the Udaipur City Railway Station. It is well-connected to various cities in India and is located around 11 km from the sanctuary.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary History

A Royal Retreat and Hunting Ground: The Monsoon Palace, a renowned historical site, served as a retreat for the royal family during their hunting escapades in the region. This architectural marvel stands as a testament to the grandeur and traditions of the past.

Sajjangarh Fort (Sajjan Garh Palace): Embracing the Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary lies the majestic Sajjangarh Fort, meticulously constructed by Maharana Sajjan Singh of Mewar in 1874. Its lofty position atop Bansdara Hill, soaring at 936 meters above mean sea level, offers a regal panorama of the surrounding expanse.

Establishment: On the memorable date of 07th February 1987, Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary came into official existence, marking a dedicated effort to safeguard its diverse ecosystem and heritage.

Eco-Sensitive Zone: In a laudable move by the Government of India, an encompassing area of 28.7 square kilometers bordering the sanctuary was designated an Eco-Sensitive Zone in 2017. This step ensures that the sanctuary's ecological balance and treasures extend beyond its immediate borders, fostering a harmonious coexistence between nature and human interaction.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Area

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary covers an approximate area of 5.19 square kilometers. This sanctuary, located near Udaipur in the state of Rajasthan, India, is relatively compact but offers a diverse range of flora and fauna within its boundaries.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Hills

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Aravalli Range near Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. The sanctuary is encompassed by the picturesque hills of the Aravalli Mountains, which contribute to its unique natural setting and scenic beauty. The sanctuary is known for being nestled within these hills, offering stunning panoramic views of Udaipur city, Lake Pichola, and the surrounding landscapes.

One of the prominent hills within the sanctuary's vicinity is Bansdara Hill, upon which the Sajjangarh Fort stands. The fort was built by Maharana Sajjan Singh of Mewar in 1874 and overlooks the sanctuary and its surroundings.

These hills not only provide a breathtaking backdrop but also contribute to the diverse ecosystems and habitats found within the sanctuary, making it an important area for wildlife conservation and natural preservation.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Lake

Bari Lake, popularly known as Tiger Lake is situated on the western slope of the Sanctuary. 

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

What is the flora of Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary?

The Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary's flora includes a variety of plant species, particularly adapted to the tropical dry deciduous forest and scrub forest ecosystems of the Aravalli region. Here's a breakdown of some of the key plant species:

(1) Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest:

(i) Anogeissus pendula: Also known as Indian axlewood, this tree is a dominant species in the dry deciduous forest.

(ii) Anogeissus latifolia: Commonly known as broadleaf gum, this species contributes to the diversity of the forest.

(iii) Boswellia serrata: This is the Indian frankincense tree, and it plays a significant role in the flora of the sanctuary.

(2) Scrub Forest:

(i) Acacia leucophloea: Also called white-bark acacia, this tree is a dominant species in scrub forests.

(ii) Zizyphus: This genus includes various species of thorny shrubs and small trees.

(3) Medicinal Plants:

(i) Commiphora wightii (Guggul): A threatened plant species with medicinal significance, particularly in traditional medicine.

(ii) Vitex negundo (Negar): Also known as five-leaved chaste tree, it has traditional medicinal uses.

(iii) Barleria spp. (Vajradanti): Referring to a genus of flowering plants, these may have medicinal properties.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

What is the fauna of Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary?

The Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a diverse array of wildlife species, representing the rich biodiversity of the Aravalli region and providing habitat for a variety of animals. Here is a overview of the types of fauna commonly found in the sanctuary:


  • Spotted Deer
  • Sambar
  • Wild Boar
  • Bluebull
  • Leopard
  • Striped Hyaena
  • Indian Hare
  • Golden Jackal
  • Jungle Cat 
  • India Palm Civet
  • Indian Pangolin 
  • Grey Langur
  • Porcupine 
  • Indian Fox 


  • Long-billed Vulture
  • Pied Tit


  • Indian Starred Tortoise
  • Bengal Monitor

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. In which district is Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary?

A. Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Udaipur district of the state of Rajasthan, India. The sanctuary is situated near the city of Udaipur and is known for its diverse flora, fauna, and scenic landscapes. 

Q. What is Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Sajjangarh Biological Park, is famous for several reasons:

(i) Diverse Flora and Fauna: The sanctuary is renowned for its rich biodiversity, housing a variety of plant species and providing habitat for numerous animals, including leopards, deer, monkeys, and various bird species. It offers a glimpse into the natural ecosystems of the Aravalli Range.

(ii) Scenic Landscapes: The sanctuary's location on the hills of the Aravalli Mountains provides breathtaking panoramic views of Udaipur city, Lake Pichola, and the surrounding landscapes. It's a popular spot for visitors seeking stunning vistas and natural beauty.

(iii) Sajjangarh Fort: The sanctuary is adjacent to the historic Sajjangarh Fort, also known as the Monsoon Palace, which was built in the 19th century by Maharana Sajjan Singh. The fort offers architectural elegance and historical significance, attracting tourists and history enthusiasts.

(iv) Eco-Tourism and Conservation: Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary promotes eco-tourism and conservation efforts by providing a protected environment for wildlife and raising awareness about the importance of preserving natural habitats. It's a place where visitors can appreciate nature while contributing to its conservation.

(v) Cultural Heritage: The sanctuary is a part of the cultural and historical heritage of the Udaipur region, contributing to the local identity and offering insights into the relationship between humans and nature.

Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary

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