Thursday, September 28, 2023

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected natural area located in the state of Assam, India. It is known for its rich biodiversity, lush green landscapes, and diverse range of flora and fauna.


The sanctuary is famous for its population of hoolock gibbons, which are among the most endangered primate species in the world. Efforts are made to protect and conserve these gibbons within the sanctuary.

Adjacent to the Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary, Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary embraces a rich tapestry of life forms, including mammals, reptiles, birds, and a diverse range of plant species. Among its hidden treasures are the rare and exquisite orchids that adorn the sanctuary's landscape.

The sanctuary's habitat is characterized by tropical semi-evergreen forests, which contribute to its rich biodiversity. In terms of fauna, Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is home to an impressive list of animals.

The best time to visit this sanctuary is between November and April when the weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are more likely.

Table of Contents

  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Location
  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary History
  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Area
  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Flora
  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptile
  • Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Location

The Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Karbi Anglong district of the Indian state of Assam. It is situated in the northeastern part of India. 

The sanctuary is not far from the Golaghat district and is approximately 65 kilometers away from the famous Kaziranga National Park, which is another well-known protected area in Assam.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport to Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is the Rowriah (Jorhat) Airport, which is located about 68 kilometers away.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station to Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is in Diphu, but please note that the exact distance from the sanctuary to the railway station may vary depending on the specific entry point and route you take.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary History

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary has a relatively recent history of establishment as a protected area. Here is a brief history of Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary:

Proposal and Planning: The idea to establish Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary was proposed in 1993. It emerged as part of a broader conservation initiative aimed at protecting the region's unique biodiversity and preserving its natural habitat.

Declaration as a Sanctuary: Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary was officially declared as a protected area on July 27, 2000. This declaration was made under the provisions of Indian wildlife protection laws and regulations.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Area

The Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 37 square kilometers (14 square miles). This protected area is relatively compact but is known for its rich biodiversity, including a variety of animal and plant species, making it an important conservation site in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam, India.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Flora

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is characterized by a diverse range of flora, thanks to its location in the northeastern region with a tropical climate. Here are some notable flora species found in Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary:

Hollong (Dipterocarpus macrocarpus): Hollong is a valuable timber species known for its hardwood. It is found in the sanctuary and is an important component of the forest ecosystem.

Nahor (Mesua ferrea): Nahor is another significant timber species known for its sturdy wood. It is found in abundance in the sanctuary.

Bamboo: Various species of bamboo are found throughout the sanctuary. Bamboo is not only crucial for the ecosystem but also serves as a source of livelihood for local communities.

Amari (Amoora wallichii): Amari is a deciduous tree found in the sanctuary and is valued for its timber.

Sopas (Michelia spp): Michelia species, including Sopas, contribute to the sanctuary's rich biodiversity. Some Michelia species produce fragrant flowers.

Bhelu (Tetrameles nudiflora): Bhelu is a deciduous tree found in the region, and its presence contributes to the sanctuary's diverse flora.

Udal (Sterculia villosa): Udal is a tree species known for its distinct leaves and is part of the sanctuary's plant life.

Hingori (Castanopsis spp.): Castanopsis species, commonly known as Hingori, are found in the sanctuary's forests.

Bandordima (Dysoxylum procerum): Bandordima is another tree species that contributes to the sanctuary's plant diversity.

Dhuna (Canarium resiniferum): Dhuna is a tree species known for its resin production, and it is found in the sanctuary.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Fauna (Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Animals)

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for which animal?

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam, India, is renowned for its rich and diverse fauna. It is home to a wide variety of animal species, both terrestrial and aquatic. Here are some of the notable fauna found in Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary:


  • Asian Elephant
  • Tiger
  • Gaur
  • Bear
  • Sambar Deer
  • Barking Deer
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Hoolock Gibbon
  • Wild Boar


  • White-backed Vulture
  • Slender-billed Vulture
  • White-cheeked Hill Partridge
  • Grey Peacock Pheasant
  • Kaleej Pheasant
  • Red Junglefowl
  • White-winged Wood Duck
  • Green Imperial Pigeon
  • Great Pied Hornbill
  • Oriental Pied Hornbill
  • Wreathed Hornbill
  • Hill Mynaa


  • Python
  • Cobra
  • Monitor Lizards

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC Questions

Q. In which district Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is located?

A. The Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Karbi Anglong district of the Indian state of Assam. Karbi Anglong is known for its diverse landscapes and rich biodiversity, making it an ideal location for a wildlife sanctuary like Nambor.

Q. What is Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary famous for?

A. Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam, India, is famous for several reasons:

(i) Rich Biodiversity: The sanctuary is renowned for its incredible biodiversity, including a wide variety of flora and fauna. It is home to numerous rare and endangered species of animals and plants.

(ii) Hoolock Gibbons: Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is particularly famous for its population of hoolock gibbons, a critically endangered primate species. The sanctuary plays a crucial role in the conservation of these gibbons.

(iii) Birdwatching: The sanctuary is a popular destination for birdwatchers due to its diverse avian population, which includes both resident and migratory birds. It offers excellent opportunities for birdwatching and photography.

(iv) Natural Beauty: Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its picturesque landscapes, including lush green forests, hills, and rivers. It provides a serene and pristine environment for visitors to enjoy.

(v) Tiger Habitat: The sanctuary is known to be a habitat for tigers, although they can be elusive. Wildlife enthusiasts visit in the hope of catching a glimpse of these majestic big cats.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary

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