Wednesday, May 31, 2023

Raimona National Park

Raimona National Park UPSC

Raimona National Park is a protected area located in the Assam, India. It is situated in the northeastern part of the country. The Raimona National Park is known for its rich biodiversity and unique ecosystem. It is home to various species of flora and fauna.


Table of Contents

  • Raimona National Park Location
  • Raimona National Park History
  • Raimona National Park Area
  • Raimona National Park River
    • Sonkosh River
    • Saralbhanga River
    • Pekua River
  • Raimona National Park Flora
  • Raimona National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Raimona National Park
  • Raimona National Park UPSC Questions


Raimona National Park Location

Raimona National Park is located in the Gossaigaon and Kokrajhar subdivisions of Kokrajhar district of Assam, India. It is situated in the extreme western part of Assam.


The Raimona National Park is within the Bodoland Territorial Region. The Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR) is an autonomous region and a proposed state in Assam, India.


The Raimona National Park is surrounded by the Phipsoo Wildlife Sanctuary in Bhutan to its north, the Buxa Tiger Reserve in West Bengal to its west and the Manas National Park to its east.


Raimona National Park is bounded on the west by the Sonkosh river and the Saralbhanga river on the east. Both the rivers are tributaries of Brahmaputra. The Pekua river defines park’s southern boundary.


Raimona National Park Nearest Airport:

The nearest Airport to Raimona National Park is Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi Airport, Guwahati. 


Raimona National Park Nearest Railway Station:

The Kokrajhar Railway Station is the nearest to Raimona National Park. The National Park is almost 53 kilometres away from Kakrojhar.




Raimona National Park History

National Park Status: In 2021, Raimona National Park was declared a national park. It is the sixth National Park of Assam. Assam now has 7 National Parks: Kaziranga, Nameri, Orang, Manas, Dibru-Saikhowa, Dehing Patkai and Raimona.


Assam is the state with the second highest number of national parks in the country, after Madhya Pradesh’s 11. The Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar has 9 national parks.


As a newly designated national park, Raimona is likely to witness increased attention and support for conservation initiatives, including the implementation of stricter regulations and improved management practices. This can contribute to the preservation of its unique ecosystem, promotion of sustainable tourism, and heightened awareness about the importance of environmental conservation.




Raimona National Park Area

Raimona National Park covers an area of approximately 422 square kilometers (163 square miles). This area includes diverse habitats such as forests, grasslands, wetlands, and riverine ecosystems. 


The area of the Raimona National Park includes the northern part of the notified Ripu Reserve Forest, which forms the western-most buffer to the Manas National Park that straddles the India-Bhutan border.


The Raimona National Park's size provides ample space for various wildlife species to thrive and contributes to its significance as a protected area for conservation.




Raimona National Park River

Raimona National Park is bounded by tributaries of the Brahmaputra, the Sonkosh river on the west and the Saralbhanga river on the east. The Pekua river makes Raimona National Park’s southern boundary.


(1) Sonkosh River:

The Sonkosh River originates in the Bhutan foothills and eventually joins the Brahmaputra River in Assam. It serves as a vital water source for both wildlife and human populations in the region. The river's course through diverse landscapes, including forests and agricultural fields, adds to its ecological significance.


(2) Saralbhanga River:

Saralbhanga River create eastern boundry of the Raimona National Park.


(3) Pekua River:

The Pekua river create southern boundary of Raimona National Park.




Raimona National Park Flora

Raimona National Park in Assam, India is known for its rich and diverse flora. The park's vegetation comprises various types of forests, grasslands, wetlands, and riverine ecosystems. 


Here are some of the prominent flora species found in Raimona National Park:


(1) Sal Trees (Shorea robusta): 

Sal is one of the dominant tree species in the park's forests. These tall, deciduous trees are known for their valuable timber and provide habitat for many animal species.


(2) Teak Trees (Tectona grandis): 

Teak is another important tree species found in Raimona National Park. It is highly valued for its durable wood and is often cultivated for commercial purposes.


(3) Bamboo: 

Several species of bamboo can be found in the park, such as Bambusa balcooa and Dendrocalamus strictus. Bamboo plays a vital role in the ecosystem and provides food and shelter for various wildlife species.


(4) Orchids: 

Raimona National Park is home to a diverse range of orchids. These delicate and beautiful flowering plants add to the park's floral diversity.


(5) Grasses: 

The grasslands and meadows in the park support a variety of grass species. They form important feeding grounds for herbivores and serve as breeding habitats for many bird species.


(6) Aquatic Plants: 

The wetlands and riverine areas of Raimona National Park are home to various aquatic plants such as water lilies, lotuses, and submerged grasses.




Raimona National Park Fauna (Raimona National Park Animals)

Raimona National Park in Assam, India is home to a diverse range of fauna, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The park's varied ecosystems, including forests, grasslands, wetlands, and riverine habitats, provide habitats for numerous species. 


Here are some of the notable fauna found in Raimona National Park:


Mammals:

  • Golden Langur
  • Asian Elephant
  • Royal Bengal Tiger
  • Clouded Leopard
  • Indian Gaur
  • Wild Water Buffalo
  • Spotted Deer
  • Slow Loris
  • Assamese Macaque
  • Rhesus Monkey
  • Capped Langur
  • Chinese Pangolin 
  • Dhole or Asian Wild Dog
  • Himalayan Black Bear
  • Crab-eating Mongoose, 
  • Jungle Cat
  • Leopard Cat
  • Asian Golden Cat
  • Leopard
  • Himalayan Serow
  • Sambar
  • Chital
  • Hog Deer
  • Barking Deer
  • Crestless Himalayan Porcupine
  • Hispid Hare


Note- Raimona National Park is renowned for Golden Langur, an endemic species.


Birds:

  • White-bellied Heron
  • Swamp Francolin
  • Kaleej Pheasant
  • Grey Peacock Pheasant
  • Indian Peafowl, 
  • Oriental Darter
  • Lesser Adjutant
  • Collared Falconet
  • Slender-billed Vulture
  • White-backed Vulture
  • Besra
  • Black Baza
  • Jerdon's Baza
  • Osprey
  • Bengal Florican
  • Ibisbill 
  • Green Imperial Pigeon
  • Mountain Imperial Pigeon
  • Red-breasted Parakeet
  • Great Pied Hornbill
  • Occasional Rufous-necked
  • Grey Hornbills
  • Wreathed Hornbill
  • Hill Myna
  • Scaly Thrush


Reptiles:

  • Indian Python 
  • King Cobra
  • Indian Rock Python 
  • Bengal Monitor Lizard
  • Indian Cobra
  • Indian Tent Turtle




Top Things to do in Raimona National Park (Raimona National Park Places to Visit)

When visiting Raimona National Park in Assam, India, there are several activities and experiences you can enjoy. 


Here are some of the top things to do in Raimona National Park:

  • Wildlife Safari
  • Birdwatching
  • Nature Walks and Trekking
  • Picnicking and Relaxation
  • Photography
  • Cultural Experiences


Raimona National Park offers several places to visit within its boundaries. Here are some notable places you can explore when visiting Raimona National Park:

  • Riverine Areas
  • Forest Trails
  • Grasslands and Meadows
  • Water Bodies and Wetlands
  • Tribal Villages
  • Interpretation Centers




Raimona National Park UPSC Questions

Q. Raimona National Park in which district?

A. Raimona National Park is located in the Kokrajhar district of Assam, India.


Q. Raimona National Park is famous for which animal?

A. Raimona National Park is famous for Golden Langur.


Q. When Raimona declared as national park?

A. Raimona was declared as national park in 2021.


Q. Where is Raimona National Park?

A. Raimona National Park is located in the Gossaigaon and Kokrajhar subdivisions of Kokrajhar district of Assam, India.


Q. Why is the Raimona National Park famous for?

A. Raimona National Park is famous for Golden Langur.


Q. In which year Raimona was declared as National Park?

A. In 2021, Raimona was declared as National Park.


Q. Where is Raimona National Park situated at?

A. Raimona National Park is situated at Kokrajhar district of Assam, India.


Q. Who declared Raimona National Park?

A. Government of Assam declared Raimona National Park in 2021.


Q. Which is 6th proposed national park in Assam?.

A. Raimona National Park is 6th proposed national park in Assam.

Raimona National Park

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