Tuesday, May 30, 2023

Nameri National Park

Nameri National Park UPSC

Nameri National Park is a national park located in the Assam state of India. It is part of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot. The park is situated near the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas and is bordered by the Jia Bhoroli River.


Nameri National Park is known for its rich biodiversity and serves as a vital habitat for several endangered species. It is particularly famous for its population of the Bengal tiger and the Indian elephant. The park is also home to other wildlife species such as the clouded leopard, sambar deer, barking deer, wild boar, gaur, capped langur, and several species of primates and birds.


Table of Contents

  • Nameri National Park Location
  • Nameri National Park History
  • Nameri National Park Area
  • Nameri National Park Hills
  • Nameri National Park River
    • Jia-Bhoroli River
    • Nameri River
    • Upper Dikorai River
    • Bor Dikorai River
  • Nameri National Park Flora
  • Nameri National Park Fauna
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Reptiles
  • Top Things to do in Nameri National Park
  • Nameri National Park UPSC Questions


Nameri National Park Location

Nameri National Park is located in the Sonitpur district of the state of Assam in India. It lies in the northeastern part of the country, near the border with Arunachal Pradesh.  It is nestled in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, with the Jia Bhoroli River flowing alongside its boundary.


Nameri lies on the interstate border between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Nameri shares its northern boundary with the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh.


Nameri National Park Nearest Airport:

The nearest airport is situated at Tezpur, which is 34 kms. away from the park. The other airport is located at Guwahati, which is 220 kms away.


Nameri National Park Nearest Railway Station:

The nearest railway station is Rangapara, situated 25 kms away from Nameri National Park.




Nameri National Park History (Nameri National Park Established)

Nameri National Park has an interesting history that reflects its significance in wildlife conservation and protection. Here are some key points about its history:


Reserve Forest: In 1978, the park was declared a reserve forest. 


Wildlife Sanctuary: In 1985, Nameri Wildlife Sanctuary, the precursor to Nameri National Park, was established. Initially, it covered an area of about 137 square kilometers (53 square miles).


National Park Status: In 1998, Nameri Wildlife Sanctuary was declared a national park, expanding its area to its current size of around 200 square kilometers (78 square miles). This upgrade to a national park status provided greater protection to the park's flora and fauna.


Tiger Reserve: Nameri National Park has been an active participant in various conservation programs. The park became a part of the Project Tiger initiative in 1999-2000, aimed at conserving the endangered Bengal tiger and its habitat. This inclusion elevated the park's importance in tiger conservation efforts in India. It is the second Tiger reserve of Assam after Manas Tiger Reserve. It has two core areas: Nameri National Park and Sonai- Rupai Wildlife. 




Nameri National Park Area

Nameri National Park covers an approximate area of 200 square kilometers (78 square miles). This area includes the core zone of the park, which is designated for strict wildlife conservation and protection. 


The park's boundaries are demarcated by natural features such as the Jia Bhoroli River, which flows alongside the park. The park's expansive area encompasses diverse habitats, including dense forests, riverine areas, grasslands, and wetlands, contributing to its rich biodiversity.




Nameri National Park Hills

Nameri National Park is situated in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, offering a picturesque setting with its hilly terrain. While the park is not primarily characterized by towering peaks, it is nestled in a region where the Himalayan foothills begin to rise. 


The park's landscape features undulating hills and slopes, which contribute to the scenic beauty of the area. These hills, combined with the lush forests and riverine habitats, create a diverse and captivating environment within Nameri National Park. 




Nameri National Park River

The river Jia-Bhoroli is the lifeline of Nameri, which flows along the southern boundary of the park from northwest to southeast. The Jia-Bhareli river flow through the Nameri National Park along with its tributaries: The Nameri river, Upper Dikorai river and Bor Dikorai river.


The Jia-Bhoroli river plays a significant role in shaping the park's landscape and ecosystem. The Jia Bhoroli River is a tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra River and originates from the eastern Himalayas. It passes through the park, providing a lifeline to the flora and fauna within its vicinity.


The river creates diverse habitats within Nameri National Park, including riverine forests, sandy riverbanks, and marshy areas. These habitats support a wide range of plant and animal species, making it an important ecological feature of the park.




Nameri National Park Flora

Nameri National Park boasts a diverse and rich flora, characterized by the Eastern Himalayan sub-tropical broadleaf forests and various other vegetation types. 


Here are some prominent flora species found in Nameri National Park:


(1) Assam Silk Tree (Albizia procera): A large deciduous tree with feathery leaves and showy pink flowers, it is known for its commercial value in the silk industry.


(2) Elephant Apple (Dillenia indica): This tree produces large, round fruits that are consumed by elephants and other wildlife. It has broad leaves and striking white flowers.


(3) Indian Rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo): A valuable timber tree with dark, durable wood, it is known for its beautiful grains and is commonly used for furniture.


(4) Hollock (Terminalia myriocarpa): A tall deciduous tree that dominates the forest canopy, it is known for its hard timber and is utilized in construction and boat-making.


(5) Wild Banana (Musa balbisiana): A species of banana that is native to the region, it bears edible fruits and provides a food source for various animals.


(6) Cane Bamboo (Calamus spp.): Nameri National Park is abundant in cane bamboo species that form thickets and serve as important habitats for many animals and birds.


(7) Orchids: The park is home to a variety of orchid species (Dendrobium, Cymbidium and Cypripedioideae), showcasing their stunning beauty and delicate floral arrangements.




Nameri National Park Fauna (Nameri National Park Animals)

Nameri National Park is renowned for its diverse and vibrant wildlife. The park's varied habitats, including forests, grasslands, wetlands, and riverine areas, support a wide range of animal species. 


Here are some prominent fauna found in Nameri National Park:


Mammals:

  • Royal Bengal Tiger
  • Leopard
  • Clouded Leopard
  • Wild Dog
  • Asian Elephant
  • Gaur
  • Sambar
  • Hog Deer
  • Barking Deer
  • Sloth Bear
  • Wild Boar
  • Large Indian Civet Cat
  • Small Indian Civet Cat
  • Himalayan Crestless Porcupine
  • Yellow throated Marten
  • Leopard Cat
  • Common Otter
  • Black Giant Squirrel
  • Indian Mongoose
  • Large Clawed Shrew
  • Indian Flying Fox
  • Slow Loris
  • Assameese Macaque
  • Rhesus Macaque 


Birds:

  • White Winged Wood duck
  • Palla’s fish-eagle
  • Lesser Adjutant Stork
  • Greater Spotted Eagle
  • White Ramped Vulture
  • Long Billed Vulture
  • Black Bellied Tern
  • Rufous-necked Hornbill
  • Wreathed Hornbill
  • Great Pied Hornbill
  • Jerdon’s Babbler
  • Whitecheeked Patridge
  • Black-bellied Tern
  • White-tailed Eagle
  • Lesser Fish Eagle
  • Red-headed Vulture


Reptiles:

  • Assam Roofed Turtle
  • Indian Soft Shell Turtle
  • Indian Flap Shell Turtle
  • Keeled Box Turtle
  • South East Asian Leaf Turtle
  • Common Blind Snake
  • Myanmarese Python
  • Indian Cobra
  • King Cobra
  • Pit Viper
  • Monitor Lizard




Top Things to do in Nameri National Park

When visiting Nameri National Park, there are several exciting activities and experiences you can engage in to make the most of your trip. 


Here are some top things to do in Nameri National Park:


  • Jungle Trekking
  • River Rafting
  • Bird Watching
  • Wildlife Safari
  • Camping
  • Fishing
  • Nature Photography
  • Village Visit
  • Picnic by the River
  • Nature Interpretation Center




Nameri National Park UPSC Questions

Q. Nameri National Park in which district?

A. Nameri National Park is located in the Sonitpur district of the state of Assam, India.


Q. Where is Nameri National Park located/situated?

A. Nameri National Park is located in the Sonitpur district of the state of Assam in India.


Q. Nameri National Park is famous for which animal?

A. Nameri National Park is famous for Royal Bengal Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Asian Elephant, White Winged Wood duck, Assam Roofed Turtle etc. animals.


Q. What is Nameri National Park also known as?

A.  Nameri National Park is also known as Nameri Tiger Reserve.


Q. What is Nameri National Park famous for?

A. Nameri National Park is famous for Tiger Reserve.


Q. Which river passes through Nameri National Park? (Which river is located in Nameri National Park?)

A. Jia-Bhoroli and its tributaries: Nameri, Upper Dikorai and Bor Dikorai etc. river passes through Nameri National Park.


Q. Which river is called as the lifeline of Nameri National Park?

A. Jia-Bhoroli river is called as the lifeline of Nameri National Park.
Nameri National Park

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